(Scar Tissue in the Abdomen)
- Abdominal adhesions facts*
- What are abdominal adhesions?
- What causes abdominal adhesions?
- How can abdominal adhesions cause intestinal obstruction?
- How can abdominal adhesions cause female infertility?
- What are the symptoms of abdominal adhesions?
- What are the symptoms of an intestinal obstruction?
- How are abdominal adhesions and intestinal obstructions diagnosed?
- How are abdominal adhesions and intestinal obstructions treated?
- Can abdominal adhesions be prevented?
- Patient Comments: Abdominal Adhesions - Causes
- Patient Comments: Abdominal Adhesions - Symptoms
- Patient Comments: Abdominal Adhesions - Diagnosis
- Patient Comments: Abdominal Adhesions - Treatment
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Abdominal adhesions facts*
*Abdominal adhesions facts Medically Edited by: William C. Shiel, Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
- Abdominal adhesions are bands of scar tissue that form between abdominal
tissues and organs, causing them to stick together.
- Symptoms caused by abdominal adhesions vary; however, most adhesions do not
- Typical symptoms of obstruction caused by abdominal adhesions include
abdominal discomfort around the belly button that is cramp-like followed by
distention of the abdomen.
- Abdominal surgery is the most frequent cause of abdominal adhesions. Other
causes of abdominal adhesions include inflammation of an organ such as
cholecystitis or appendicitis, peritonitis, foreign objects left inside the
abdomen at the time of surgery, bleeding into the peritoneal cavity, or
inflammatory conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease.
- At the sites of where abdominal adhesions occur, the intestine can twist on
itself, and the twisting may obstruct the normal movement of its contents
(particularly in the small intestine).
- Abdominal adhesions that cause a complete intestinal obstruction are
life-threatening and require immediate medical attention and often surgery.
- Abdominal adhesions can cause
female infertility by preventing fertilized
eggs from reaching the uterus, where fetal development takes place.
- No tests are available to diagnose adhesions, and adhesions cannot be seen
through imaging techniques such as X-rays or ultrasound.
- An intestinal obstruction can be seen through abdominal X-rays, barium
contrast studies (lower or upper GI series), and
computerized tomography (CT).
- The treatment for abdominal adhesions is either laparoscopic surgery or open surgery whereby the adhesions are cut by scalpel or electric current.
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