May 30, 2016

Abdominal Pain

MedicineNet - Abdominal Pain

Abdominal Pain Symptoms & Signs

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Symptoms & Signs

Pain in the belly (abdomen) can come from conditions affecting a variety of organs. The abdomen is an anatomical area that is bounded by the lower margin of the ribs above, the pelvic bone (pubic ramus) below, and the flanks on each side. Although abdominal pain can arise from the tissues of the abdominal wall that surround the abdominal cavity (for example, skin and abdominal wall muscles), the term abdominal pain generally is used to describe pain originating from organs within the abdominal cavity (for example, beneath the skin and muscles). These organs include the stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. Occasionally, pain may be felt in the abdomen even though it is arising from organs that are close to but not within the abdominal cavity, for example, the lower lungs, the kidneys, and the uterus or ovaries. This latter type of pain is called "referred" pain because the pain, though originating outside the abdomen, is being referred to (felt) in the abdominal area.

Abdominal pain can be acute and sudden in onset, or the pain can be chronic and longstanding. Abdominal pain may be minor and of no great significance, or it can reflect a major problem involving one of the organs in the abdomen. The characteristics of the pain -- location, timing, duration, etc. are important in diagnosing its cause. Persisting abdominal pain should be evaluated by a physician.

Various causes of abdominal pain include, but are not limited to, indigestion after eating, gallstones and gallbladder inflammation (cholecystitis), pregnancy, gas, inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease), appendicitis, ulcers, gastritis, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), pancreatitis, gastroenteritis (viral or bacterial), parasite infection, endometriosis, kidney stones (nephrolithiasis), abdominal muscle injury, abdominal hernia, lactose intolerance, gluten intolerance (celiac disease), food poisoning, menstrual cramps, peritonitis, serositis, ischemic bowel disease, vasculitis, abdominal aneurysm, abdominal organ injury from trauma, and constipation.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/8/2015

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REFERENCE:

Longo, D.L., et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 18th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2011.

Causes of Abdominal Pain
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        symptoms

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      • How are ulcers in IBD diagnosed and treated?
      • Does gastrointestinal bleeding occur in IBD?
      • How is gastrointestinal bleeding in IBD diagnosed and treated?
      • How do intestinal strictures form in IBD?
      • What are symptoms of intestinal strictures, and how are they diagnosed and treated?
      • What are intestinal fistulas?
      • What symptoms do fistulas cause and how are they diagnosed and treated?
      • What are fissures and how are they treated?
      • What is small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
      • Does colon cancer occur in IBD?
      • What should be done about polyps in IBD?
      • What is toxic megacolon and what are its causes and symptoms?
      • What kind of malabsorption occurs in IBD?
    • Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence) Gas (intestinal gas) means different things to different people. Everyone has gas and eliminates it by belching, burping, or...learn more »
      In This Article
      Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence) Article
      • Intestinal gas facts
      • What causes belching (burping)?
      • What causes bloating?
      • What causes flatulence (gas)?
      • What are the causes of intermittent abdominal bloating/distention?
      • How are belching, bloating/distention, and flatulence evaluated?
      • What is the treatment for intestinal gas?
      • What's new in intestinal gas?
    • Intussusception Intussusception is the telescoping (prolapse) of a portion of the intestine within another immediately adjacent portion of...learn more »
      In This Article
      Intussusception Article
      • Intussusception facts
      • What is intussusception?
      • What happens during intussusception?
      • Is intussusception an urgent problem?
      • Who is at greatest risk for intussusception?
      • What causes intussusception?
      • Why is rapid diagnosis of intussusception important?
      • What are the symptoms of intussusception?
      • How is intussusception diagnosed?
      • Is it necessary to operate when there is intussusception?
      • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with intussusception?
    • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a GI (gastrointestinal) disorder with signs and symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating, increased...learn more »
      In This Article
      Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Article
      • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) facts
      • What irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) causes and risk factors?
      • What are irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms and signs?
      • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
      • What are irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) treatments?
      • IBS medications
      • Is there an irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) diet?
      • What lifestyle changes may help IBS symptoms and signs?
      • Is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) related to small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
      • What types of doctors treat IBS?
      • Is it possible to prevent IBS?
      • What are potential complications of IBS?
      • What is the prognosis for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
    • Is C. diff (Clostridium difficile) Contagious? C. diff or Clostridium difficile is a bacteria that infects the colon. C. diff bacteria can be found on furniture, bathroom...learn more »
      In This Article
      Is C. diff (Clostridium difficile) Contagious? Article
      • What is C. diff (Clostridium difficile)?
      • Is C. diff (Clostridium difficile) contagious?
      • How do I know if I have an infection caused by C. diff?
      • How does C diff spread?
      • How will I know if I am no longer contagious for C. diff?
      • When should I seek medical care for C. diff?
    • Is E. coli Contagious? E. coli is an infection found worldwide. There are several subtypes of the E. coli species. E. coli is transmitted from...learn more »
      In This Article
      Is E. coli Contagious? Article
      • What is E. coli?
      • Is E. coli contagious?
      • When will I know I'm infected with E. coli?
      • How does E. coli spread?
      • When do I know I'm cured of E. coli?
      • When should I contact a doctor about an E. coli infection?
    • Is Colitis Contagious? Colitis is a term that us used to describe inflammation of the colon. The terms enteritis, proctitis, and inflammatory bowel...learn more »
      In This Article
      Is Colitis Contagious? Article
      • What is colitis?
      • Is colitis contagious?
      • How will I know if I have colitis?
      • How is colitis spread?
      • When will I know I'm cured of colitis?
      • When should I contact a health-care professional about colitis?
    • Is Crohn's Disease Contagious? Crohn's disease, a form of inflammatory bowel disease, is characterized by symptoms and signs that include diarrhea, fever,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Is Crohn's Disease Contagious? Article
      • What is Crohn's disease?
      • Is Crohn's disease contagious?
      • How do I know when someone has Crohn's disease?
      • How does Crohn's disease spread?
      • How will I know when someone is cured of Crohn's disease?
      • When should I contact a medical caregiver about Crohn's disease?
    • Is Norovirus Contagious? Noroviruses cause food poisoning symptoms (vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea) in infected individuals. Norovirus is transmitted via...learn more »
      In This Article
      Is Norovirus Contagious? Article
      • What is norovirus?
      • Is norovirus contagious?
      • What is the contagious period for norovirus?
      • How will I know if I have norovirus?
      • How is norovirus transmitted?
      • How will I know I am cured of norovirus?
      • When should I contact a medical caregiver about norovirus?
    • Is the Ebola Virus Contagious? Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a highly contagious disease that is transmitted through direct contact. Ebola's incubation period...learn more »
      In This Article
      Is the Ebola Virus Contagious? Article
      • What is Ebola?
      • Is Ebola contagious?
      • What is the incubation period for the Ebola virus?
      • How will I know if someone is infected with Ebola?
      • How is the Ebola virus transmitted?
      • How will I know if someone is cured of Ebola? What is the contagious period for Ebola?
      • When should I contact a medical caregiver about Ebola?
    • Is the Stomach Flu (Gastroenteritis) Contagious? The stomach flu (gastroenteritis) refers to variety infections that occur in the GI (gastrointestinal tract). The stomach flu is...learn more »
      In This Article
      Is the Stomach Flu (Gastroenteritis) Contagious? Article
      • What is the stomach flu?
      • Is the stomach flu contagious?
      • How will I know if I have the stomach flu?
      • How is stomach flu spread?
      • When will I know I'm cured of the stomach flu?
      • When should I contact a health-care professional about the stomach flu?
    • Kidney Stones Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalline material that form in the kidneys. Symptoms of kidney stones can include pain,...learn more »
    • Lactose Intolerance In lactose intolerance, the digestive system cannot digest lactose (the main sugar in milk). Symptoms of lactose intolerance...learn more »
      In This Article
      Lactose Intolerance Article
      • Lactose intolerance facts
      • What is lactose intolerance?
      • What causes lactose intolerance?
      • What are the symptoms of lactose intolerance?
      • How are lactase deficiency and lactose intolerance diagnosed?
      • Elimination diet
      • Milk challenge
      • Breath test
      • Blood glucose test
      • Stool acidity test
      • What are the sources of lactose in the diet?
      • How is lactose intolerance treated?
      • What are the long-term consequences of lactose intolerance?
      • What is new in lactose intolerance?
    • Lassa Fever Lassa fever is a viral hemorrhagic fever that causes flu-like symptoms. Ribavirin is the standard treatment for Lassa fever....learn more »
      In This Article
      Lassa Fever Article
      • Lassa fever facts
      • What is Lassa fever?
      • What is the history of Lassa fever?
      • What are causes and risk factors for Lassa fever?
      • Is Lassa fever contagious? If so, what is the contagious period for Lassa fever?
      • When is Lassa fever no longer contagious?
      • What is the incubation period for Lassa fever?
      • What are Lassa fever symptoms and signs?
      • How do physicians diagnose Lassa fever?
      • What is the treatment for Lassa fever?
      • What are complications for Lassa fever?
      • What is the prognosis of Lassa fever?
      • Is it possible to prevent Lassa fever? Is there a vaccine for Lassa fever?
      • What research is being done on Lassa fever?
      • Where can people find more information on Lassa fever?
    • Leptospirosis Leptospirosis is an infectious disease that causes symptoms such as fever, headache, and chills. Treatment for leptospirosis...learn more »
      In This Article
      Leptospirosis Article
      • Leptospirosis facts
      • What is leptospirosis?
      • What causes leptospirosis?
      • What are risk factors for leptospirosis?
      • What are leptospirosis symptoms and signs?
      • How do physicians diagnose leptospirosis?
      • What is the treatment for leptospirosis?
      • What is the prognosis of leptospirosis?
      • Is it possible to prevent leptospirosis?
    • Liver (Anatomy and Function) The liver is the largest gland and organ in the body. There are a variety of liver diseases caused by liver inflammation,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Liver (Anatomy and Function) Article
      • Facts about the liver
      • What is the function of the liver?
      • What are symptoms of liver diseases?
      • What does the liver look like, and where is it located in the body?
      • Liver disease causes (fatty liver, cirrhosis, hepatitis, and infections)
      • Liver disease causes (medications, toxins, genetics, cancer, and others)
      • What kind of doctor treats liver disease?
      • How is an examination of the liver performed?
      • What is a liver biopsy?
      • Can diseases of the liver be prevented?
    • Liver Cancer Liver cancer is cancer of the liver cells (hepatocellular carcinoma) or of the ducts in the liver (cholangiocarcinoma). Liver...learn more »
      In This Article
      Liver Cancer Article
      • Liver cancer facts
      • What is liver cancer?
      • What is metastatic liver cancer?
      • What causes liver cancer?
      • What are the risk factors for liver cancer?
      • What are liver cancer symptoms and signs?
      • How is liver cancer diagnosed?
      • How is liver cancer staged?
      • What is the treatment for liver cancer?
      • What is the follow-up after treatment for liver cancer?
      • What is the prognosis of liver cancer? What are the survival rates for liver cancer?
      • Are there alternative and complementary therapies for liver cancer?
      • Can liver cancer be prevented?
      • Where can you learn more about liver cancer?
    • Marburg Virus Disease Marburg virus disease is a zoonotic infection that produces symptoms such as chills, headaches, fever, and muscle aches. The...learn more »
      In This Article
      Marburg Virus Disease Article
      • Marburg virus disease facts
      • What is Marburg virus disease?
      • What causes Marburg disease?
      • What are the symptoms and signs of Marburg infection? What is the incubation period for a Marburg virus infection?
      • What are risk factors for getting Marburg infections?
      • How do health-care professionals diagnose Marburg viral infections?
      • What treatment is available for Marburg virus infections?
      • What specialists treat Marburg infections?
      • Is it possible to prevent Marburg virus infections?
      • What is the prognosis for a Marburg virus infection? What complications may occur with Marburg infections?
      • What research is ongoing about Marburg virus infections?
      • Why is Africa now seeing so many cases of what were relatively rare viral diseases like Ebola and Marburg virus infections?
    • Marfan Syndrome Marfan syndrome is hereditary condition affecting connective tissue. A person with Marfan syndrome may exhibit the following...learn more »
      In This Article
      Marfan Syndrome Article
      • Marfan syndrome facts*
      • What is Marfan syndrome?
      • What are the symptoms of Marfan syndrome?
      • What causes Marfan syndrome?
      • How is Marfan syndrome diagnosed?
      • What types of doctors treat Marfan syndrome?
      • What treatment options are available for Marfan syndrome?
      • What are some of the emotional and psychological effects of Marfan syndrome?
      • What research is being conducted on Marfan syndrome?
      • Where can people find additional information about Marfan syndrome?
    • Microscopic Colitis (Lymphocytic Colitis and Collagenous Colitis) Microscopic colitis (lymphocytic colitis and collagenous colitis) is a disease of inflammation of the colon. Microscopic colitis...learn more »
      In This Article
      Microscopic Colitis (Lymphocytic Colitis and Collagenous Colitis) Article
      • What is colitis?
      • What diseases are not colitis?
      • What is microscopic colitis?
      • What causes microscopic colitis?
      • What are the symptoms of microscopic colitis?
      • How common is microscopic colitis and who is at risk?
      • When should I seek medical care for microscopic colitis?
      • How is microscopic colitis diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for microscopic colitis?
      • Can microscopic colitis be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis of microscopic colitis?
    • Mucormycosis Mucormycosis (zygomycosis) is a fungal infection caused by Zygomycetes. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, coughing,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Mucormycosis Article
      • Mucormycosis (zygomycosis) facts
      • What is mucormycosis?
      • What causes mucormycosis?
      • What are risk factors for mucormycosis?
      • What are symptoms and signs of mucormycosis?
      • How is mucormycosis diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment of mucormycosis?
      • What are complications of mucormycosis?
      • What is the prognosis of mucormycosis?
      • Can mucormycosis be prevented?
      • What research is being done on mucormycosis?
      • Where can people find more information on mucormycosis?
    • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system, a vital part of the body's immune system. Symptoms and signs include...learn more »
      In This Article
      Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Article
      • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma facts
      • What is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • What causes non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • What are non-Hodgkin's lymphoma risk factors?
      • What are non-Hodgkin's lymphoma symptoms and signs?
      • How do physicians diagnose non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • What are the types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and how is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma staging determined?
      • What is the treatment for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • What is the prognosis and survival rate for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • Where can people find more information about non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Norovirus Infection Norovirus infection causes stomach flu, or gastroenteritis. It's a very contagious illness with symptoms that include nausea and...learn more »
    • Ovarian Cancer There are many types of ovarian cancer, epithelial carcinoma is the most common. Women with a family history of ovarian cancer...learn more »
      In This Article
      Ovarian Cancer Article
      • Ovarian cancer facts
      • What is ovarian cancer?
      • Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC)
      • Ovarian low malignant potential tumor (OLMPT; borderline tumor)
      • Germ cell ovarian cancers
      • Stromal ovarian cancers
      • What are ovarian cancer statistics?
      • What are ovarian cancer risk factors?
      • What are ovarian cancer symptoms and signs?
      • How is ovarian cancer diagnosed?
      • How is ovarian cancer staging determined?
      • What is the treatment for ovarian cancer?
      • What is the survival rate and prognosis of ovarian cancer?
      • Can ovarian cancer be prevented?
      • How does one cope with ovarian cancer?
    • Ovarian Cysts Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled, sac-like structures within an ovary. Causes of ovarian cysts are numerous. Symptoms of an ovarian...learn more »
      In This Article
      Ovarian Cysts Article
      • Ovarian cysts facts
      • What is the ovary and what are ovarian cysts?
      • What causes ovarian cysts?
      • What symptoms are caused by ovarian cysts?
      • How are ovarian cysts diagnosed?
      • How can the physician decide if an ovarian cyst is dangerous?
      • How are ovarian cysts treated?
      • What are the risks of ovarian cysts during pregnancy?
    • Pancreatic Cancer Pancreatic cancer is a malignant tumor of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer has been called a "silent" disease because early...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pancreatic Cancer Article
      • Pancreatic cancer facts
      • What does a pancreas do?
      • What is cancer?
      • What is pancreatic cancer and its types?
      • What are pancreatic cancer causes and risk factors?
      • What are pancreatic cancer symptoms and signs?
      • How is the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer made?
      • How is pancreatic cancer staged?
      • What is the treatment for resectable pancreatic cancer?
      • What is the treatment for locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer?
      • What is the treatment for metastatic pancreatic cancer?
      • What are the side effects of pancreatic cancer treatment?
      • What is the survival rate with pancreatic cancer?
      • What research is being done on pancreatic cancer?
      • Is complimentary or alternative medicine effective in pancreatic cancer treatment?
      • Is it possible to prevent pancreatic cancer?
      • Where can people get support when coping with pancreatic cancer?
      • Where can people find additional information about pancreatic cancer?
    • Pancreatitis Pancreatitis is a rare disease in which the pancreas becomes inflamed. There are two types of pancreatitis, acute and chronic....learn more »
    • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is the most common and serious complication of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), aside from...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Article
      • Pelvic inflammatory disease facts*
      • What causes pelvic inflammatory disease?
      • How common is pelvic inflammatory disease?
      • Are some women more likely to get pelvic inflammatory disease?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease?
      • What is the treatment for pelvic inflammatory disease?
      • What should I do if I think I have an STI (sexually transmitted disease)
      • How can I keep myself from getting PID?
    • Peptic Ulcer A peptic ulcer is an ulcer in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Ulcer formation is related to Helicobacter...learn more »
      In This Article
      Peptic Ulcer Article
      • Peptic ulcer facts
      • What is a peptic ulcer?
      • What causes peptic ulcers?
      • What are the symptoms of peptic ulcer?
      • How are peptic ulcers diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for peptic ulcers?
      • What are the complications of peptic ulcer?
      • Peptic ulcer summary
    • Peritonitis Peritonitis is a bacterial infection inside of the abdomen. Some doctors choose to group the causes of peritonitis into five...learn more »
      In This Article
      Peritonitis Article
      • Peritonitis facts
      • What is peritonitis?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of peritonitis?
      • What are the causes of peritonitis?
      • What is the most common type of peritonitis?
      • What kind of doctor treats peritonitis?
      • How is peritonitis diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for peritonitis?
      • What are the complications of peritonitis?
      • Can peritonitis be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis for a person with peritonitis?
    • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), also known by the name Stein-Leventhal syndrome, is a hormonal problem that causes women to...learn more »
      In This Article
      Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Article
      • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) facts
      • What is polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)?
      • What are the symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)?
      • What causes polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)?
      • How is PCOS diagnosed?
      • What conditions or complications can be associated with PCOS?
      • What treatments are available for PCOS?
    • Porphyria Porphyria is a group of disorders that affect the nervous system, skin, or both. Porphyria is often an inherited condition that...learn more »
      In This Article
      Porphyria Article
      • Porphyria facts*
      • What is porphyria?
      • What are the types of porphyria?
      • What causes porphyria?
      • What are the symptoms of porphyria?
      • How is porphyria diagnosed?
      • How is porphyria treated?
    • Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) Primary sclerosing cholangitis or PSC is a disease of the liver. The cause of PSC is not known. Symptoms may include itching,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) Article
      • Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) definition
      • What causes primary sclerosing cholangitis?
      • What are the risk factors for primary sclerosing cholangitis?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of primary sclerosing cholangitis?
      • How is the diagnosis of primary sclerosing cholangitis made?
      • What is the treatment for primary sclerosing cholangitis?
      • Medications
      • Liver transplant
      • What complications are associated with primary sclerosing cholangitis?
      • Can primary sclerosing cholangitis be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis and life expectancy for a person with primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a tick-borne disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash, headache, and muscle...learn more »
      In This Article
      Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Article
      • Rocky Mountain spotted fever facts
      • What is Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
      • Where do most cases of RMSF occur in the U.S.?
      • What causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
      • How is Rocky Mountain spotted fever transmitted?
      • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever risk factors?
      • Is Rocky Mountain spotted fever contagious?
      • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever symptoms and signs?
      • What is the incubation period for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
      • How do health-care providers diagnose Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
      • What is the treatment for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
      • What is the prognosis of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
      • What are the long-term effects of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
      • Is there a vaccine for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
      • Is it possible to prevent Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Rotavirus Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe diarrhea among infants and children throughout the world. Almost all children have...learn more »
      In This Article
      Rotavirus Article
      • Rotavirus infection facts
      • What is rotavirus?
      • What causes rotavirus infection?
      • What are risk factors for rotavirus infection?
      • Can adults get a rotavirus infection?
      • What is the incubation period for rotavirus?
      • What are rotavirus symptoms and signs?
      • Is rotavirus contagious? How long is rotavirus contagious?
      • How is rotavirus transmitted?
      • How is rotavirus diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for a rotavirus infection?
      • What is the prognosis of rotavirus infection?
      • Can rotavirus infection be prevented with a vaccine? Are any side effects associated with the rotavirus vaccine?
    • Scarlet Fever (Scarlatina) Scarlet fever, a bacterial infection caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria, causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash with...learn more »
      In This Article
      Scarlet Fever (Scarlatina) Article
      • Scarlet fever facts
      • What is scarlet fever?
      • What causes scarlet fever?
      • What is the incubation period for scarlet fever?
      • What are risk factors for scarlet fever?
      • What is the contagious period for scarlet fever?
      • What are scarlet fever symptoms and signs?
      • How do physicians diagnose scarlet fever?
      • What is the treatment for scarlet fever?
      • What are complications of scarlet fever?
      • What is the prognosis of scarlet fever? What are the long-term effects of scarlet fever?
      • Is it possible to prevent scarlet fever? Is there a scarlet fever vaccine?
    • Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) When you are pregnant, many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can be especially harmful to you and your baby. These STDs...learn more »
      In This Article
      Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) Article
      • Pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, commonly called STDs
      • STDs include
      • What are the symptoms of STDs?
      • How can STDs affect my pregnancy?
      • How can I find out if I have an STD?
      • How are STDs treated in pregnancy?
      • How can I protect myself from STDs?
      • How can I prevent spreading a STD?
    • Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections that are transmitted during any type of sexual exposure, including...learn more »
      In This Article
      Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Article
      • Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) facts
      • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
      • Gonorrhea
      • Chlamydia
      • Syphilis
      • Genital Herpes
      • Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) and Genital Warts
      • Chancroid
      • Ectoparasitic Infections
      • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
      • Hepatitis B
      • Hepatitis C
      • Conclusions
    • Sprains and Strains An injury to a ligament is called a sprain, and an injury to muscle or tendon is called a strain. Sprains and strains may be...learn more »
      In This Article
      Sprains and Strains Article
      • Sprains and strains facts
      • What is the difference between a sprain and a strain?
      • What causes a sprain or strain?
      • Where do sprains and strains usually occur?
      • What are sprain symptoms and signs?
      • How are sprains and strains diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for sprains and strains?
      • What is the recovery time for sprains and strains?
      • Is it possible to prevent sprains and strains?
      • What is the prognosis of sprains and strains?
      • Where can people find more information about sprains and strains?
    • STDs in Men Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections transmitted during sexual contact. They may be caused by viruses, bacteria,...learn more »
      In This Article
      STDs in Men Article
      • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
      • Who is at risk for STDs?
      • What causes STDs in men?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of STDs in men?
      • List of STDs in men
      • Chlamydia
      • Gonorrhea
      • Trichomoniasis
      • HIV
      • Genital herpes
      • Genital warts (HPV)
      • Hepatitis
      • Syphilis
      • How are STDs in men diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for STDs in men?
      • What is the prognosis for STDs in men?
      • Can STDs in men be prevented?
    • Still's Disease Still's disease (systemic-onset juvenile rheumatoid arthritis) is a disorder characterized by inflammation with high fever...learn more »
      In This Article
      Still's Disease Article
      • Still's disease facts
      • What is Still's disease?
      • What causes Still's disease?
      • What are risk factors for Still's disease?
      • How does Still's disease relate to juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
      • What are Still's disease symptoms and signs?
      • How do health-care professionals diagnose Still's disease?
      • What is the frequency of Still's disease and its features?
      • What is the treatment for Still's disease?
      • Is it possible to prevent Still's disease?
      • What types of specialists treat Still's disease?
      • What Still's disease research is being done?
      • What is the prognosis of Still's disease?
    • Stomach Cancer Though the cause of stomach cancer is unknown, risk factors for stomach cancer include diet, H. pylori infection, smoking age,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Stomach Cancer Article
      • Stomach cancer facts*
      • What is the stomach?
      • What is cancer, and how does stomach cancer spread?
      • What are risk factors and causes of stomach cancer?
      • What are symptoms of stomach cancer?
      • How is stomach cancer diagnosed?
      • How is staging determined?
      • What is the treatment for stomach cancer?
      • Surgery
      • Chemotherapy
      • Radiation therapy
      • How do I go about getting a second opinion?
      • What are some of the nutritional concerns of stomach cancer patients?
      • What are treatment options for cancer that blocks the digestive tract?
      • What follow-up care is necessary for stomach cancer patients? What about complementary and alternative medicine?
      • What support is there for cancer patients?
      • How can I take part in clinical trials for stomach cancer?
    • Streptococcal Infections Group A streptococcal infections are caused by group A streptococcus, a bacteria that causes a variety of health problems,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Streptococcal Infections Article
      • Group A streptococcal infections facts
      • What is group A Streptococcus (GAS)?
      • How are group A streptococcal (GAS) infections contracted?
      • What diseases are caused by group A streptococcal infection?
      • Are group A strep infections contagious?
      • What is the contagious period for group A strep infections?
      • What is the incubation period for group A strep infections?
      • What are the symptoms and signs of GAS infections?
      • What is invasive group A streptococcal disease? Who is most at risk for getting invasive GAS disease?
      • What are the symptoms and signs of necrotizing fasciitis?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of toxic shock syndrome (TSS)?
      • How are group A streptococcal (GAS) infections diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for invasive group A streptococcal disease?
      • What specialists treat group A streptococcal infections?
      • What complications are seen with group A streptococcal infections?
      • Is it possible to prevent group A streptococcal infections?
      • What is the prognosis for group A streptococcal infections?
      • Where can people find more information about group A streptococcal infections?
    • Typhoid Fever Typhoid fever is an illness caused by the Salmonella typhi bacteria. The illness is contracted by ingesting the bacteria in...learn more »
      In This Article
      Typhoid Fever Article
      • Typhoid fever facts
      • What is typhoid fever? What is the history of typhoid fever?
      • How do patients get typhoid fever?
      • How do the bacteria cause disease, and how is it diagnosed?
      • What are the symptoms of typhoid fever?
      • What is the treatment for typhoid fever, and what is the prognosis?
      • Can typhoid fever be prevented?
    • Typhus Typhus is a disease caused by Rickettsia bacteria. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and...learn more »
      In This Article
      Typhus Article
      • Typhus facts
      • What is typhus? Are there different types of typhus?
      • What is the history of typhus?
      • What causes typhus? How is typhus transmitted?
      • What are typhus risk factors?
      • What are typhus symptoms and signs?
      • How is typhus diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for typhus?
      • What is the prognosis of typhus?
      • Can typhus be prevented?
      • Where can people get more information about typhus?
    • Ulcerative Colitis Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammation of the colon. Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding....learn more »
      In This Article
      Ulcerative Colitis Article
      • Ulcerative colitis facts
      • What is ulcerative colitis?
      • What causes ulcerative colitis?
      • What are the symptoms of ulcerative colitis?
      • How is the diagnosis of ulcerative colitis made?
      • What are the complications of ulcerative colitis?
      • What are the treatments for ulcerative colitis?
      • What are ulcerative colitis medications?
      • 5-ASA Compounds
      • Systemic corticosteroids (including side effects)
      • Golimumab (Simponi)
      • What are immunomodulator medications?
      • Summary of medication treatment
      • Surgery for ulcerative colitis
      • Treatment by disease severity and location (based on ACG Practice Guidelines)
      • Are there any special dietary requirements for persons with ulcerative colitis?
      • What research is being done regarding ulcerative colitis?
    • Urinary Tract Infections in Children Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are very common in children. Symptoms and signs include fever and abdominal pain. Associated...learn more »
      In This Article
      Urinary Tract Infections in Children Article
      • Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children facts
      • What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
      • What causes urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children?
      • What are risk factors for UTIs in children?
      • What are symptoms and signs of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children?
      • What type of doctors treat UTIs in children?
      • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose UTIs in children?
      • Are there any home remedies for UTIs in children?
      • How long do UTIs in children last?
      • Are UTIs in children contagious?
      • What is the treatment for UTIs in children?
      • Is it possible to prevent UTIs in children?
      • What is the prognosis for UTIs in children?
    • Uterine Growths Benign uterine growths are tissue enlargements of the female womb (uterus). Three types of benign uterine growths are uterine...learn more »
      In This Article
      Uterine Growths Article
      • What are uterine growths?
      • What are uterine fibroids?
      • What are the symptoms of uterine fibroids and what do they look like?
      • How are uterine fibroids diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for uterine fibroids?
      • Surgery for uterine fibroids
      • Other medical treatment for uterine fibroids
      • What are the complications of uterine fibroids?
      • What is adenomyosis?
      • What are the symptoms of adenomyosis and what does it look like?
      • How is adenomyosis diagnosed?
      • How is adenomyosis treated?
      • What are uterine polyps?
      • What are the symptoms of uterine polyps and what do they look like?
      • How are uterine polyps diagnosed and treated?
    • Yellow Fever Yellow fever is an infectious disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. Side effects are rare with the yellow fever vaccine....learn more »
      In This Article
      Yellow Fever Article
      • Yellow fever facts
      • What is yellow fever? What is the history of yellow fever?
      • What causes yellow fever?
      • How is yellow fever transmitted?
      • What areas are high risk for contracting yellow fever?
      • What is the incubation period for yellow fever?
      • Is yellow fever contagious? How long is the contagious period for yellow fever?
      • What are yellow fever symptoms and signs?
      • How is yellow fever diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for yellow fever?
      • How long does yellow fever last?
      • What is the prognosis for people with yellow fever?
      • Is it possible to prevent yellow fever?
      • What are the side effects of the yellow fever vaccine?
      • Where can people get more information on yellow fever?
Other Causes of Abdominal Pain
Examples of Medications for Abdominal Pain
  • cimetidine, Tagamet HB
  • dicyclomine, Bentyl
  • esomeprazole (Nexium, Nexium 24HR, Nexium IV)
  • famotidine, Pepcid, Pepcid AC
  • lansoprazole (Heartburn Relief 24 Hour, Heartburn Treatment 24 Hour, Prevacid 24)
  • loperamide, Imodium A-D, Anti-Diarrheal, TH Anti-Diarrheal, Diamode, Imodium, Kaopectate II, Imodium
  • omeprazole, omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate, Prilosec, Zegerid, Prilosec OTC, Zegerid OTC
  • OTC Pain Relievers and Fever Reducers
  • pantoprazole, Protonix
  • ranitidine, Zantac
  • simethicone, Phazyme, Flatulex, Mylicon, Gas-X, Gas X Extra Strength, Mylanta Gas, Gas-X Ultra
  • tegaserod, Zelnorm


Symptoms & Signs A-Z List



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