"The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a new type 2 diabetes drug that combines the sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor empagliflozin with metformin hydrochloride (Synjardy, Boehringer Ingelheim and Eli Lilly"...
Actoplus MET, Actoplus MET XR
ACTOPLUS MET is a thiazolidinedione and biguanide combination product indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus who are already treated with a thiazolidinedione and metformin or who have inadequate glycemic control on a thiazolidinedione alone or metformin alone.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
The use of antihyperglycemic therapy in the management of type 2 diabetes should be individualized on the basis of effectiveness and tolerability while not exceeding the maximum recommended daily dose of pioglitazone 45 mg and metformin 2550 mg.
Selecting the starting dose of ACTOPLUS MET should be based on the patient's current regimen of pioglitazone and/or metformin. After initiation of ACTOPLUS MET or with dose increase, patients should be carefully monitored for adverse events related to fluid retention (see BOXED WARNING and WARNINGS, Pioglitazone hydrochloride). ACTOPLUS MET should be given in divided daily doses with meals to reduce the gastrointestinal side effects associated with metformin.
Starting dose for patients inadequately controlled on metformin monotherapy
Based on the usual starting dose of pioglitazone (15-30 mg daily), ACTOPLUS MET may be initiated at either the 15 mg/500 mg or 15 mg/850 mg tablet strength once or twice daily, and gradually titrated after assessing adequacy of therapeutic response.
Starting dose for patients who initially responded to pioglitazone monotherapy and require additional glycemic control
Based on the usual starting doses of metformin (500 mg twice daily or 850 mg daily), ACTOPLUS MET may be initiated at either the 15 mg/500 mg twice daily or 15 mg/850 mg tablet strength once daily, and gradually titrated after assessing adequacy of therapeutic response.
Starting dose for patients switching from combination therapy of pioglitazone plus metformin as separate tablets
ACTOPLUS MET may be initiated with either the 15 mg/500 mg or 15 mg/850 mg tablet strengths based on the dose of pioglitazone and metformin already being taken.
No studies have been performed specifically examining the safety and efficacy of ACTOPLUS MET in patients previously treated with other oral hypoglycemic agents and switched to ACTOPLUS MET. Any change in therapy of type 2 diabetes should be undertaken with care and appropriate monitoring as changes in glycemic control can occur.
Sufficient time should be given to assess adequacy of therapeutic response. Ideally, the response to therapy should be evaluated using A1C, which is a better indicator of long-term glycemic control than FPG alone. A1C reflects glycemia over the past two to three months. In clinical use, it is recommended that patients be treated with ACTOPLUS MET for a period of time adequate to evaluate change in A1C (8-12 weeks) unless glycemic control as measured by FPG deteriorates.
Special Patient Populations
ACTOPLUS MET is not recommended for use in pregnancy or for use in pediatric patients.
The initial and maintenance dosing of ACTOPLUS MET should be conservative in patients with advanced age, due to the potential for decreased renal function in this population. Any dosage adjustment should be based on a careful assessment of renal function. Generally, elderly, debilitated, and malnourished patients should not be titrated to the maximum dose of ACTOPLUS MET. Monitoring of renal function is necessary to aid in prevention of metforminassociated lactic acidosis, particularly in the elderly (see WARNINGS, Metformin hydrochloride and PRECAUTIONS, General: Metformin hydrochloride).
Therapy with ACTOPLUS MET should not be initiated if the patient exhibits clinical evidence of active liver disease or increased serum transaminase levels (ALT greater than 2.5 times the upper limit of normal) at start of therapy (see PRECAUTIONS, General: Pioglitazone hydrochloride and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, Special Populations, Hepatic Insufficiency). Liver enzyme monitoring is recommended in all patients prior to initiation of therapy with ACTOPLUS MET and periodically thereafter (see PRECAUTIONS, General: Pioglitazone hydrochloride and PRECAUTIONS, Laboratory Tests).
Maximum Recommended Dose
ACTOPLUS MET tablets are available as a 15 mg pioglitazone plus 500 mg metformin or a 15 mg pioglitazone plus 850 mg metformin formulation for oral administration. The maximum recommended dose for pioglitazone is 45 mg daily. The maximum recommended daily dose for metformin is 2550 mg in adults.
ACTOPLUS MET is available in 15 mg pioglitazone hydrochloride (as the base)/500 mg metformin hydrochloride and 15 mg pioglitazone hydrochloride (as the base)/850 mg metformin hydrochloride tablets as follows:
15 mg/500 mg tablet: white to off-white, oblong, film-coated tablet with “4833M” on one side, and “15/500” on the other, available in:
Bottles of 60 NDC 64764-155-60
Bottles of 180 NDC 64764-155-18
15 mg/850 mg tablet: white to off-white, oblong, film-coated tablet with “4833M” on one side, and “15/850” on the other, available in:
Bottles of 60 NDC 64764-158-60
Bottles of 180 NDC 64764-158-18
Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Keep container tightly closed, and protect from moisture and humidity.
Distributed by: Takeda Pharmaceuticals America, Inc. Deerfield, IL 60015. July 2011This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Last reviewed on RxList: 6/18/2012
Additional Actoplus MET, Actoplus MET XR Information
- Actoplus MET, Actoplus MET XR Drug Interactions Center: pioglitazone-metformin oral
- Actoplus MET, Actoplus MET XR Side Effects Center
- Actoplus MET, Actoplus MET XR in detail including Side Effects and Drug Images
- Actoplus MET, Actoplus MET XR Overview including Precautions
- Actoplus MET, Actoplus MET XR FDA Approved Prescribing Information including Dosage
Actoplus MET, Actoplus MET XR - User Reviews
Actoplus MET, Actoplus MET XR User Reviews
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