Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children (ADHD in Children or Childhood ADHD)
Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD
Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
- Childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD in children) facts
- What is ADD or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
- What are risk factors and causes of ADHD in children?
- What are childhood ADHD symptoms and signs?
- How is ADHD assessed? Are there ADHD tests? What types of doctors diagnose and treat ADHD in children?
- What are the treatments for ADHD in children? What are possible side effects of ADHD medications?
- What are complications and the prognosis of ADHD in children?
- Is it possible to prevent ADHD in children?
- What is the latest research on ADHD in children?
- Are there support groups for children with ADHD?
- Where can people find more information on ADHD in children?
- ADHD FAQs
- Find a local Psychiatrist in your town
Childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD in children) facts
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental-health condition. Childhood ADHD symptoms include
- difficulty concentrating,
- trouble controlling impulses, and
- excessive activity.
- While there is no specific cause of ADHD, there are many social, biological, and environmental factors that may raise one's risk of developing or being diagnosed with the disorder.
- There are three kinds of ADHD: predominately inattentive, predominately hyperactive/impulsive, and combined (inattentive, hyperactive, and impulsive) presentation.
- While medications are commonly used in the treatment of ADHD, behavioral therapy, school accommodations, and parent counseling are important in improving the child's ability to function, as well.
- The most common medications used to treat ADHD are the stimulant medications.
- About 85% of children with ADHD are at risk for having some form of the disorder in adulthood.
- People with ADHD are at a higher risk for also having anxiety, depression, mood swings, drug or alcohol abuse issues, interpersonal problems, school problems during childhood, as well as legal and employment problems during adolescence and adulthood.
- Much of the latest research on ADHD in children focuses on how exposure to environmental toxins may increase the risk of developing this condition.
What is ADD or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
ADHD, also often called ADD, refers to a mental-health condition called attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. People with ADHD have problems with impulse control, excessive activity, and/or distractibility. Statistics show that up to 7% of children and teens are thought to suffer from this disorder at any time, with up to 11% of children being assigned the diagnosis at some point during their childhood. Health professionals tend to diagnose boys with ADD in children at a rate of more than twice that of girls. That is thought to be at least partly due to the diagnosis in girls being missed because of gender differences in ADHD symptoms.
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