ADHD Medications (cont.)
Annette (Gbemudu) Ogbru, PharmD, MBA
Dr. Gbemudu received her B.S. in Biochemistry from Nova Southeastern University, her PharmD degree from University of Maryland, and MBA degree from University of Baltimore. She completed a one year post-doctoral fellowship with Rutgers University and Bristol Myers Squibb.
Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD
Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.
In this Article
- What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
- List of ADHD medication for children
- ADHD medications for children under the age of 3
- ADHD medications for children aged 6 years or older
- Why are ADHD medications prescribed for children?
- What are the types of ADHD medications for children?
- What are the non-stimulating ADHD medications for children?
- What is the best type of ADHD mediation for children?
- General treatment guidelines from The American Academy of Pediatrics
- General considerations for choosing a stimulant
- Non-stimulant ADHD medications
- Are there liquid ADHD medications for children?
- What are ADHD medication side effects in children
- What are the warnings and precautions when using ADHD medications in children
- Contraindications for ADHD medications
- Black box warnings for ADHD medications
- ADHD medication for children with autism
Black box warnings for ADHD medications
Dexmethylphenidate and methylphenidate should be used cautiously in patients with a history of alcoholism because prolonged administration can lead to physical and psychological drug dependence.
Dextroamphetamine/amphetamine, dextroamphetamine and methamphetamine should not be used in patients with cardiac disease. These stimulants can cause increases in blood pressure and heart rate and can lead to myocardial infarction and sudden unexplained death (SUD).
Atomoxetine increases the risk of suicidal ideation and/or suicidal behavior. Patients should be closely monitored while taking atomoxetine.
Dextroamphetamine/amphetamine, dexmethylphenidate, lisdexamfetamine and methylphenidate should be used cautiously in patients with a history of substance abuse because prolonged administration can lead to physical and psychological drug dependence. Dextroamphetamine/amphetamine has a high potential for abuse and is contraindicated for use in this setting.
ADHD medication for children with autism
ADHD can exist concurrently in children with autism. However many of these cases are undiagnosed and are under treated. A study of 2,000 children treated at autism treatment centers across the US found that more than half of them had symptoms of inactivity and hyperactivity. However, only 11% of the children were being treated for ADHD. Physicians should screen autism patients for ADHD and develop a treatment plan that addresses both disorders.
Marina Katz, MD
American Board of Psychiatry & Neurology
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