Adult ADHD (cont.)
Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD
Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) facts
- What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
- What are causes and risk factors for adult ADHD?
- How prevalent is adult ADHD?
- What are symptoms and signs of adult ADHD?
- How is ADHD in adults diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for adult ADHD? What medications treat adult ADHD?
- Are there any home remedies for adult ADHD?
- What are complications of adult ADHD?
- What is the prognosis of adult ADHD?
- Is it possible to prevent adult ADHD?
- Are support groups available for those with adult ADHD?
- Where can people find additional information on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?
- Adult ADHD FAQs
- Find a local Psychiatrist in your town
What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, often referred to as ADHD or ADD, is a behavioral disorder that is characterized by symptoms of distractibility, impulsivity, and/or hyperactivity. This condition often has a significantly negative impact on an adult's ability to make and keep relationships and do well at work and/or in the community in general.
What are causes and risk factors for adult ADHD?
Although there is no single cause for ADHD, there are a number of biological and social factors that seem to increase the risk of a person developing the disorder. Children who have ADHD are at risk for growing into teens and adults with the condition. Brain-imaging studies show that characteristics of the brains of people with ADHD include a tendency to be smaller, to have fewer connections between certain parts of the brain, and less regulation of the neurochemical dopamine compared to people who do not have the disorder.
Risk factors for ADHD that can occur in the womb include maternal stress, as well as smoking during pregnancy and low weight at birth. Being male and having a family history of ADHD increase the likelihood that an individual is diagnosed with ADHD. Socially, low family income and low paternal education are risk factors for developing ADHD.
How prevalent is adult ADHD?
About 2%-6% of adults are affected by ADHD. Of note, adult ADHD actually begins during childhood rather than having adult onset. While this disorder is thought to afflict more boys than girls in childhood, it seems to occur in men and women equally. About 60% of children with ADHD continue to have some symptoms of the disorder as an adult, and about 50% continue to suffer from symptoms that are numerous and severe enough to continue to qualify for the ADHD diagnosis. Other pertinent statistics include that over 90% of adults with ADHD recognize that they suffer from trouble paying attention and more than half have a combination of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity, while more than one-third only have inattention.
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