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Adult ADHD (cont.)

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What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, often referred to as ADHD or ADD, is a behavioral disorder that is characterized by symptoms of distractibility, impulsivity, and/or hyperactivity. This condition often has a significantly negative impact on an adult's ability to make and keep relationships and do well at work and/or in the community in general.

What are causes and risk factors for adult ADHD?

Although there is no single cause for ADHD, there are a number of biological and social factors that seem to increase the risk of a person developing the disorder. Children who have ADHD are at risk for growing into teens and adults with the condition. Brain-imaging studies show that the brains of people with ADHD tend to be smaller, the connections between certain parts of the brain are less, and the regulation of the neurochemical dopamine tends to be less than in people who do not have the disorder.

Risk factors for ADHD that can occur in the womb include maternal stress, as well as smoking during pregnancy and low weight at birth. Being male and having a family history of ADHD increase the likelihood that an individual is diagnosed with ADHD. Socially, low family income and low paternal education are risk factors for developing ADHD.

How prevalent is adult ADHD?

ADHD affects from 2% to 6% of adults. While this disorder is thought to afflict more boys than girls in childhood, it seems to occur in men and women equally. About 60% of children with ADHD continue to have some symptoms of the disorder as an adult, and about 50% continue to suffer from symptoms that are numerous and severe enough to continue to qualify for the ADHD diagnosis. Other pertinent statistics include that over 90% of adults with ADHD recognize that they suffer from trouble paying attention, more than half have a combination of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity, while more than one-third only have inattention.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/7/2013

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Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) - Symptoms Question: What symptoms have you experienced with your adult ADHD?
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Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/adult_adhd/article.htm

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