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In controlled and uncontrolled clinical studies of 1,657 HIV-uninfected patients age 12 years and older who received various dosage regimens of Alinia Tablets, the most common adverse events reported regardless of causality assessment were: abdominal pain (6.6%), diarrhea (4.2%), headache (3.1%) and nausea (3.0%). In placebo-controlled clinical trials using the recommended dose, the rates of occurrence of these events did not differ significantly from those of the placebo. In placebo-controlled trials of HIV-uninfected patients age 12 years and older who received Alinia Tablets for the treatment of diarrhea caused by Giardia lamblia or Cryptosporidium parvum, less than 1% of patients discontinued therapy because of an adverse event.
Adverse events occurring in less than 1% of the patients age 12 years and older participating in clinical trials of Alinia Tablets are listed below:
Metabolic & Nutrition: increased SGPT.
Skin: rash, pruritus.
Special Senses: eye discoloration, ear ache.
Alinia For Oral Suspension
In controlled and uncontrolled clinical studies of 613 HIV-uninfected pediatric patients who received Alinia for Oral Suspension, the most frequent adverse events reported regardless of causality assessment were: abdominal pain (7.8%), diarrhea (2.1%), vomiting (1.1%) and headache (1.1%). These were typically mild and transient in nature. In placebo-controlled clinical trials, the rates of occurrence of these events did not differ significantly from those of the placebo. None of the 613 pediatric patients discontinued therapy because of adverse events.
Adverse events occurring in less than 1% of the pediatric patients participating in clinical trials of Alinia for Oral Suspension are listed below:
Digestive System: nausea, anorexia, flatulence, appetite increase, enlarged salivary glands.
Body as a Whole: fever, infection, malaise.
Metabolic & Nutrition: increased creatinine, increased SGPT.
Skin: pruritus, sweat.
Special Senses: eye discoloration (pale yellow).
Respiratory System: rhinitis.
Nervous System: dizziness.
Urogenital System: discolored urine.
The adverse events seen in adult patients treated with Alinia for Oral Suspension were similar to those observed in adult patients treated with Alinia Tablets.
Read the Alinia (nitazoxanide) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects
Tizoxanide is highly bound to plasma protein ( > 99.9%). Therefore, caution should be used when administering nitazoxanide concurrently with other highly plasma protein-bound drugs with narrow therapeutic indices, as competition for binding sites may occur (e.g., warfarin). In vitro metabolism studies have demonstrated that tizoxanide has no significant inhibitory effect on cytochrome P450 enzymes. Although no drug-drug interaction studies have been conducted in vivo, it is expected that no significant interaction would occur when nitazoxanide is co-administered with drugs that either are metabolized by or inhibit cytochrome P450 enzymes.This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Last reviewed on RxList: 4/14/2016
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