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Allergy Medications (cont.)

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Allergy medication for children

Many over-the-counter antihistamines are safe for use in children beginning at the age of two – and several come in a liquid dosage form (loratadine, diphenhydramine) which makes them easy to administer. Parents should pay careful attention to dosing.

Examples of allergy medications

Older (first-generation) antihistamines:

  • Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
  • Chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton)
  • Brompheniramine (Dimetapp, Dimetane)
  • Carbinoxamine (Palgic)
  • Clemastine (Tavist)
  • Cyproheptadine (Periactin)
  • Hydroxyzine (Vistaril)

Newer (second-generation) antihistamines:

  • Cetirizine (Zyrtec)
  • Desloratadine (Clarinex)
  • Fexofenadine (Allegra)
  • Loratadine (Claritin)
  • Levocetirizine (Xyzal)

Antihistamine nasal sprays:

  • Azelastine (Astelin, Astepro)
  • Azelastine and fluticasone (Dymista)
  • Olopatadine (Patanase)

Antihistamine/Decongestant combinations:

  • Acrivastine (Semprex-D)
  • Cetirizine (Zyrtec-D)
  • Fexofenadine (Allegra-D)
  • (Loratadine) Claritin-D

Eyedrops:

  • Azelastine (Optivar)
  • Emadastine (Emadine)
  • Naphazoline/pheniramine (Naphcon-A, Opcon-A, Visine-A)
  • Epinastine (Elestat)
  • Ketotifen (Zaditor, Alaway)
  • Olopatadine (Patanol, Pataday)
  • Loteprednol (Alrex, Lotemax)
  • Naphazoline (AK-Con, Casocon, Albalan)
  • Cromolyn (Crolom)
  • Lodoxamine (Alomide)
  • Nedocromil (Alocril)
  • Pemirolast (Alamast)
  • Ketorolac (Acular)

Nasal corticosteroids:

  • Beclomethasone Dipropionate (QNasl)
  • Budesonide (Rhinocort Aqua)
  • Ciclesonide (Omnaris)
  • Flunisolide
  • Fluticasone furoate (Veramyst)
  • Fluticasone propionate (Flonase)
  • Mometasone furoate (Nasonex)
  • Triamcinolone acetonide (Nasacort AQ)
  • Beclomethasone dipropionate (Beconase AQ)

Mast cell stabilizers:

  • Cromolyn sodium (Nasalcrom nasal spray)

Leukotriene drugs used for allergies:

  • Montelukast (Singulair)

Nasal anticholinergics:


Decongestants (Nasal):

  • Oxymetazoline (Afrin)

Decongestants (Oral):

  • Pseudoephedrine (Sudafed)
  • Phenylephrine

Topical steroids for skin allergy:


Immunomodulators for skin allergy:

  • Pimecrolimus (Elidel)
  • Tacrolimus (Protopic)

REFERENCES:

Allergy and Asthma Foundation of America http://www.aafa.org/display.cfm?id=9&cont=79

American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology http://www.aaaai.org/conditions-and-treatments/treatments/drug-guide/allergy-medications.aspx

http://www.medicinenet.com/antihistamines-oral/page2.htm

http://www.protopic.com/default.aspx#

http://elidel-us.com/hcp/#isi

http://www.merck.com/product/usa/pi_circulars/s/singulair/singulair_ppi.pdf

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/steroids.html

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a695021.html

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a695021.html

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a601241.html

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a602002.html

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a602002.html

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a682713.html

http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/allergic-rhinitis/treatment/allergy-shots-could-they-help-your-allergies.printerview.all.html

http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm273617.htm

http://www.mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements/antihistamine-oral-route-parenteral-route-rectal-route/before-using/drg-20070373


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/28/2014


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