Alpha Hydroxy Acids

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What other names is Alpha Hydroxy Acids known by?

Acide 2-hydroxypropionique (Acide Lactique), Acide Alpha-Hydroxyéthanoïque, Acide Citrique, Acide de Pomme, Acide Dihydroxysuccinique (Acide Tartrique), Acide Glycolique, Acide Hydroxyacétique (Acide Glycolique), Acide Hydroxycaprylique, Acide Hydroxypropionique, Acide Hydroxysuccinique, Acide Lactique, Acide Malique, Acides Alpha-Hydroxylés, Acidos Alfa-Hydroxi, AHA, Alpha Hydroxy Acides, Alpha-Hydroxyethanoic Acid, Apple Acid, Citric Acid, Dihydroxysuccinic Acid (Tartaric Acid), Gluconolactone, Glycolic Acid, Hydroxyacetic Acid (Glycolic Acid), Hydroxycaprylic Acid, Hydroxypropionic Acid, Hydroxysuccinic Acid, Lactic Acid, Malic Acid, Mixed Fruit Acid, Monohydroxysuccinic Acid (Malic Acid), 2-hydroxypropionic acid (Lactic Acid).

What is Alpha Hydroxy Acids?

Alpha hydroxy acids are a group of natural acids from foods. Some alpha hydroxy acids are gluconolactone; citric, glycolic, lactic, and malic acids; and others.

Is Alpha Hydroxy Acids effective?

When applied directly to the skin as a lotion or cream, alpha hydroxy acids can help treat sun-damaged skin and dry skin. But the alpha-hydroxy skin peels do not seem to work for this use.

There is some evidence that a alpha hydroxy acids lotion or cream might help improve acne when applied to the skin. Although some people try alpha hydroxy acids as a skin peel to treat sun-damaged skin, it does not seem to be effective for this use

There is also some evidence that taking one alpha-hydroxy acid called malic acid with magnesium hydroxide by mouth might help reduce pain and tenderness related to fibromyalgia.

Likely Effective for...

  • Treating sun damage when applied to the skin in a cream or lotion, but alpha hydroxy skin peels do not seem to work for this use.
  • Treating dry skin when applied to the skin in a cream or lotion.

Possibly Effective for...

  • Firming and smoothing skin when applied to the skin in a solution.
  • Acne when applied to the skin in a cream or lotion.
  • Acne scars when applied to the skin in a facial peel or lotion.
  • Reducing the pigmentation associated with a skin disorder melasma.
  • Wrinkled skin.

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

  • Treating sun damaged skin when applied as a skin peel; and reducing pain and tenderness caused by fibromyalgia when a specific alpha hydroxy acid, called malic acid, is used in combination with magnesium.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).


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