Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids (cont.)
In this Article
- How Are Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids Abused?
- How Do AAS Affect the Brain?
- AAS and Mental Health
- Addictive Potential
- What Other Adverse Effects Do AAS Have on Health?
- What Treatment Options Exist?
- How Widespread Is AAS Abuse?
What Treatment Options Exist?
There has been very little research on treatment for AAS abuse. Current knowledge derives largely from the experiences of a small number of physicians who have worked with patients undergoing steroid withdrawal. They have learned that, in general, supportive therapy combined with education about possible withdrawal symptoms is sufficient in some cases. Sometimes, medications can be used to restore the balance of the hormonal system after its disruption by steroid abuse. If symptoms are severe or prolonged, symptomatic medications or hospitalization may be needed.
How Widespread Is AAS Abuse?
Monitoring the Future is an annual survey used to assess drug use among the Nation's 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students. While steroid use remained stable among all grades from 2007 to 2008, there has been a significant reduction since 2001 for nearly all prevalence periods (i.e., lifetime,** past-year, and past-month use) among all grades surveyed. The exception was past-month use among 12th-graders, which has remained stable. Males consistently report higher rates of use than females: for example, in 2008, 2.5 percent of 12th-grade males, versus 0.6 percent of 12th-grade females, reported past-year use.
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