Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD
Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
- Generalized anxiety disorder facts
- What is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
- What are the different types of anxiety?
- How common is generalized anxiety disorder?
- What are causes and risk factors for anxiety?
- What are anxiety symptoms and signs?
- How is generalized anxiety disorder diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for anxiety?
- What are the side effects of anxiety medications?
- What are complications of generalized anxiety disorder?
- Is it possible to prevent anxiety?
- What is the prognosis of generalized anxiety disorder?
- Are there support groups for those with generalized anxiety disorder?
- Where can people find additional information on generalized anxiety disorder?
- Patient Comments: Anxiety - Effective Treatments
- Patient Comments: Anxiety - Attack Experience
- Patient Comments: Anxiety - Symptoms
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Generalized anxiety disorder facts
- Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a mood disorder that is characterized by multiple and/or nonspecific worries that interfere with the person's life in some way.
- The most common anxiety disorders are specific phobias. Besides generalized anxiety disorder, other anxiety disorders include separation anxiety disorder in children, social anxiety disorder, selective mutism, panic disorder, and agoraphobia.
- While obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) used to be classified as an anxiety disorder, it is now grouped with other compulsive disorders. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been reclassified such that it is considered a trauma-related disorder instead of an anxiety disorder.
- GAD is quite common, affecting millions of people.
- While there is no single cause of GAD, there are many factors that increase the risk of developing this disorder.
- Signs and symptoms of anxiety can include those that are emotional or behavioral and ways of thinking that are responses to feeling as if one is in danger.
- The similarities and differences in symptoms of anxiety in adults compared to children and adolescents depend on the specific diagnosis.
- There seem to be gender differences in the expression of anxiety.
- If a medical or mental-health professional suspects that you have GAD, you will likely undergo an extensive medical interview and physical examination.
- Treatment of GAD usually involves some combination of lifestyle changes, psychotherapy, and/or medication.
- As anything that is ingested carries the risk of side effects, it is important for the anxiety disorder sufferer to work closely with the prescribing doctor to decide whether treatment with medications is an appropriate intervention, and if so, which medication should be administered.
- There are many possible complications associated with anxiety.
- Various lifestyle choices and family interventions can help prevent and decrease anxiety.
- GAD usually requires treatment for it to resolve.
- There are many support groups for people who suffer from generalized anxiety disorder.
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