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Anxiety (cont.)

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Is it possible to prevent anxiety?

Just as inhibited temperament, parental anxiety, and family and friends supporting avoidant coping mechanisms are risk factors for developing an anxiety disorder, encouraging the use of healthier ways to deal with stress can be of great help in the prevention of anxiety. Educating parents on how anxiety fits into their understanding of childhood development and the role of overprotecting parents in developing anxiety disorders have been found to help prevent anxiety disorders in children. Maintaining a regular exercise program can be key to minimizing and perhaps preventing anxiety.

What is the prognosis of generalized anxiety disorder?

Generalized anxiety disorder can be quite chronic, in that the average length of time the illness lasts is 20 years if untreated. It can significantly interfere with the lives of individuals who have it and usually requires treatment for it to resolve. Therefore, people with generalized anxiety disorder are usually thought to need treatment for at least a year to prevent its recurrence.

Are there support groups for those with generalized anxiety disorder?

The following are examples of support groups for anxiety disorders:

ABIL, Inc. (Agoraphobics Building Independent Lives)
ABIL1996@aol.com

A.I.M. (Agoraphobics in Motion)
anny@ameritech.net

Freedom From Fear
http://www.freedomfromfear.org

Phobics Anonymous
619-322-COPE

Where can people find additional information on generalized anxiety disorder?

American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
http://www.aacap.org

American Counseling Association
http://www.counseling.org

American Psychiatric Association
http://www.psych.org

American Psychological Association
http://helping.apa.org

Anxiety Disorders Association of America
http://www.adaa.org/

National Anxiety Foundation
3135 Custer Dr.
Lexington, KY 40517-4001
606-272-7166

National Association of Social Workers
http://www.naswdc.org

National Mental Health Association
http://www.nmha.org

National Panic/Anxiety Disorder News, Inc.
http://www.npadnews.com

REFERENCES:

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association, 2013.

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Baldwin D, Woods R, Lawson R, Taylor D. Efficacy of drug treatments for generalized anxiety disorder: systematic review and meta-analysis. British Medical Journal 2011 March; 342.

Ballenger JC, Davidson JRT, Lecrubier Y, Nutt DJ, et al. Consensus statement on generalized anxiety disorder from the international consensus group on depression and anxiety. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 2001; 62(suppl 11): 53-58.

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Fava M, Asnis GM, Shrivastava R, Lydiard B, et al. Zolpidem extended-release improves sleep and next-day symptoms in comorbid insomnia and generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology 2009 June; 29(3): 222-230.

Flint A, Peasley-Miklus C, Papademetriou E, et al. Effect of age on the frequency of anxiety disorders in major depression with psychotic features. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 2010 May; 18 (5): 404-412.

Grant BF, Hasin DS, Blanco C, Stinson FS, et al. The epidemiology of social anxiety disorder in the United States: results from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 2005 November; 66(11): 1351-1361.

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Nasreen HE, Kabir ZN, Forsell Y, Edhborg M. Low birth weight in offspring of women with depressive and anxiety symptoms during pregnancy: results from a population based study in Bangladesh. Biomed Central Public Health 2010; 10: 515.

Pande AC, Pollack MH, Crockatt J, Greiner M, Chouinard G, et al. Placebo-controlled study of gabapentin treatment of panic disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology 2000 August; 20(4): 467-471.

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Rickels K, Pollack MH, Sheehan DV, Haskins JT. Efficacy of extended-release venlafaxine in nondepressed outpatients with generalized anxiety disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry 2000; 157: 968-974.

Saeed SA, Bloch RM, Antonacci DJ. Herbal and dietary supplements for treatment of anxiety disorders. American Family Physician 2007 Aug 15; 76(4): 549-56.

Soto JA, Dawson-Andoh NA, BeLue R. The relationship between perceived discrimination and generalized anxiety disorder among African Americans, Afro Caribbeans and non-Hispanic Whites. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 2011 March; 25(2): 258-265.

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Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/5/2014

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