Apgar Score (cont.)
John Mersch, MD, FAAP
Dr. Mersch received his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of California, San Diego, and prior to entering the University Of Southern California School Of Medicine, was a graduate student (attaining PhD candidate status) in Experimental Pathology at USC. He attended internship and residency at Children's Hospital Los Angeles.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- What is the Apgar score?
- How is the Apgar score done?
- What does a high or low Apgar score mean?
- When is the Apgar scoring done?
- What does a persistently low Apgar score mean?
- Why was the Apgar score developed?
Why was the Apgar score developed?
The score is named for the preeminent American anesthesiologist Dr. Virginia Apgar (1909-1974), who invented the scoring method in 1952. Having assisted at thousands of deliveries, Dr. Apgar wished to focus attention on the baby. Babies were traditionally dispatched directly to the nursery, often without much formal scrutiny after delivery. Apgar wanted the baby to be assessed in an organized, meaningful manner by the delivery-room personnel. Dr. Apgar was the first woman to be appointed a full professor at Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons.
American Academy of Pediatrics. "Use and Abuse of the Apgar Score." Pediatrics 78.6 Dec. 1986: 1148-1149.
Cash, Sheryl. "What's in a Score -- Revised Policy Statement Cautions Against Using the Apgar Score as a Prognostic Tool." AAP News 27.4 Apr. 2006: 1-5.
Iyer, Ravi. "The Apgar Score." Pediatrics 118.3 Sept. 2006: 1314.
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