"The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved carbidopa/levodopa enteral suspension (Duopa, AbbVie) for the treatment of motor fluctuations in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease, according to a company news release.
(apomorphine hydrochloride) Injection
APOKYN (apomorphine hydrochloride injection) contains apomorphine hydrochloride, a non-ergoline dopamine agonist. Apomorphine hydrochloride is chemically designated as 6aβ-Aporphine-10,11-diol hydrochloride hemihydrate with a molecular formula of C17H17NO2 • HCL • ½ H2O. Its structural formula and molecular weight are:
Figure 1: Structural Formula
and Molecular Weight of Apomorphine
Apomorphine hydrochloride appears as minute, white or grayish-white glistening crystals or as white powder that is soluble in water at 80°C.
APOKYN is a clear, colorless, sterile solution for subcutaneous injection and is available in 3 mL (30 mg) multi-dose cartridges. Each mL of solution contains 10 mg of apomorphine hydrochloride, USP as apomorphine hydrochloride hemihydrate, 1 mg of sodium metabisulfite, NF and 5 mg of benzyl alcohol, NF (preservative) in water for injection, USP. In addition, each mL of solution may contain sodium hydroxide, NF and/or hydrochloric acid, NF to adjust the pH of the solution.
What are the possible side effects of apomorphine (Apokyn)?
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:
- nausea or vomiting that continues after taking an anti-nausea medication;
- feeling like you might pass out;
- dizziness, fainting, fast or pounding heartbeat, feeling short of breath;
- depression, confusion, hallucinations, unusual or inappropriate behavior;
- chest pain or heavy feeling, pain spreading to the arm or...
What are the precautions when taking apomorphine (Apokyn)?
Before using apomorphine, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients (such as sulfites), which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: asthma, heart problems (e.g., chest pain, heart attack), slow/fast/irregular heartbeat (e.g., arrhythmia), mental/mood disorders (e.g., confusion, hallucinations, psychosis, schizophrenia), kidney problems, liver problems, symptoms of low blood pressure (e.g., dizziness, fainting), sleep disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, narcolepsy), stroke or other brain problem.
Apomorphine may cause a condition that...
Last reviewed on RxList: 8/8/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Additional Apokyn Information
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