August 2, 2015
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Astepro

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Astepro

ASTEPRO
(azelastine hydrochloride) Nasal Spray




DRUG DESCRIPTION

ASTEPRO (azelastine hydrochloride) 0.1% nasal spray is an antihistamine (H1 receptor antagonist) formulated as a metered-spray solution for intranasal administration. ASTEPRO (azelastine hydrochloride) 0.15% nasal spray is an antihistamine (H1 receptor antagonist) formulated as a metered-spray solution for intranasal administration.

Azelastine hydrochloride occurs as a white, almost odorless, crystalline powder with a bitter taste. It has a molecular weight of 418.37. It is sparingly soluble in water, methanol, and propylene glycol and slightly soluble in ethanol, octanol, and glycerine. It has a melting point of about 225°C and the pH of a saturated solution is between 5.0 and 5.4. Its chemical name is (±)1-(2H)-phthalazinone,4-[(4-chlorophenyl) methyl]-2-(hexahydro-1-methyl-1H-azepin-4-yl)-, monohydrochloride. Its molecular formula is C22H24ClN3O•HCl with the following chemical structure:

ASTEPRO (azelastine hydrochloride) Structural Formula Illustration

ASTEPRO 0.1% contains 0.1% azelastine hydrochloride in an isotonic aqueous solution containing sorbitol, sucralose, hypromellose, sodium citrate, edetate disodium, benzalkonium chloride (125 mcg/mL), and purified water (pH 6.4). After priming [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION], each metered spray delivers a 0.137 mL mean volume containing 137 mcg of azelastine hydrochloride (equivalent to 125 mcg of azelastine base). The 30-mL (net weight 30 gm of solution) bottle provides 200 metered sprays.

ASTEPRO 0.15% contains 0.15% azelastine hydrochloride in an isotonic aqueous solution containing sorbitol, sucralose, hypromellose, sodium citrate, edetate disodium, benzalkonium chloride (125 mcg/mL), and purified water (pH 6.4). After priming [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION], each metered spray delivers a 0.137 mL mean volume containing 205.5 mcg of azelastine hydrochloride (equivalent to 187.6 mcg of azelastine base). The 30-mL (net weight 30 gm of solution) bottle provides 200 metered sprays.

What are the possible side effects of azelastine nasal (Astelin, Astepro)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using azelastine and call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

  • bronchospasm (shortness of breath, tightness in chest, wheezing); or
  • fast or uneven heartbeats.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • a bitter taste in your mouth;
  • headache;
  • drowsiness or dizziness;
  • dry mouth, sore throat;
  • sores or...

Read All Potential Side Effects and See Pictures of Astepro »

Last reviewed on RxList: 3/5/2015
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

 

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.


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