"By Matt McMillen
WebMD Health News
Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario, MD
April 9, 2015 -- Spring is finally here, and with it comes tree pollen. For people with allergies, that could spell misery. But despite the hars"...
Auvi-Q™ is not intended as a substitute for immediate medical care. In conjunction with the administration of epinephrine, the patient should seek immediate medical or hospital care. More than two sequential doses of epinephrine should only be administered under direct medical supervision [see INDICATIONS AND USAGE, DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and PATIENT INFORMATION].
Incorrect Locations Of Injection
- Do not inject intravenously. Large doses or accidental intravenous injection of epinephrine may result in cerebral hemorrhage due to sharp rise in blood pressure. Rapidly acting vasodilators can counteract the marked pressor effects of epinephrine if there is such inadvertent administration.
- Do not inject into buttock. Injection into the buttock may not provide effective treatment of anaphylaxis. Advise the patient to go immediately to the nearest emergency room for further treatment of anaphylaxis.
- Do not inject into digits, hands or feet. Since epinephrine is a strong vasoconstrictor, accidental injection into the digits, hands or feet may result in loss of blood flow to the affected area. Advise the patient to go immediately to the nearest emergency room and to inform the healthcare provider in the emergency room of the location of the accidental injection. Treatment of such inadvertent administration should consist of vasodilation, in addition to further appropriate treatment of anaphylaxis [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].
Allergic Reactions Associated With Sulfite
Epinephrine is the preferred treatment for serious allergic reactions or other emergency situations even though this product contains sodium bisulfite, a sulfite that may, in other products, cause allergic-type reactions including anaphylactic symptoms or life-threatening or less severe asthmatic episodes in certain susceptible persons.
The presence of a sulfite in this product should not deter administration of the drug for treatment of serious allergic or other emergency situations even if the patient is sulfite-sensitive.
The alternatives to using epinephrine in a life-threatening situation may not be satisfactory.
Some patients may be at greater risk for developing adverse reactions after epinephrine administration. Despite these concerns, it should be recognized that the presence of these conditions is not a contraindication to epinephrine administration in an acute, life-threatening situation. Therefore, patients with these conditions, and/or any other person who might be in a position to administer Auvi-Q™ to a patient experiencing anaphylaxis should be carefully instructed in regard to the circumstances under which epinephrine should be used.
- Patients with Heart Disease
Epinephrine should be administered with caution to patients who have heart disease, including patients with cardiac arrhythmias, coronary artery or organic heart disease, or hypertension. In such patients, or in patients who are on drugs that may sensitize the heart to arrhythmias, epinephrine may precipitate or aggravate angina pectoris as well as produce ventricular arrhythmias [see DRUG INTERACTIONS and ADVERSE REACTIONS].
- Other Patients and Diseases
Epinephrine should be administered with caution to patients with hyperthyroidism, diabetes, elderly individuals, and pregnant women. Patients with Parkinson's disease may notice a temporary worsening of symptoms.
Patient Counseling Information
[see FDA-Approved Patient Labeling]
A healthcare provider should review the patient instructions and operation of Auvi-Q™, in detail, with the patient or caregiver.
Epinephrine is essential for the treatment of anaphylaxis. Patients who are at risk of or with a history of severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) to insect stings or bites, foods, drugs, and other allergens, as well as idiopathic and exercise-induced anaphylaxis, should be carefully instructed about the circumstances under which epinephrine should be used.
Administration And Training
Patients and/or caregivers should be instructed in the appropriate use of Auvi-Q™. Auvi-Q™ should be injected into the middle of the outer thigh (through clothing, if necessary). Each device is a single-use injection. Advise patients to seek immediate medical care in conjunction with administration of Auvi-Q™.
Complete patient information, including dosage, directions for proper administration and precautions can be found inside each Auvi-Q™ carton. A printed label on the surface of Auvi-Q™ shows instructions for use and a diagram depicting the injection process. Auvi-Q™ also emits visual prompts and electronic voice instructions for use.
Patients and/or caregivers should be instructed to use the Trainer to familiarize themselves with the use of Auvi-Q™ in an allergic emergency. The Trainer may be used multiple times.
Epinephrine may produce symptoms and signs that include an increase in heart rate, the sensation of a more forceful heartbeat, palpitations, sweating, nausea and vomiting, difficulty breathing, pallor, dizziness, weakness or shakiness, headache, apprehension, nervousness, or anxiety. These symptoms and signs usually subside rapidly, especially with rest, quiet and recumbency. Patients with hypertension or hyperthyroidism may develop more severe or persistent effects, and patients with coronary artery disease could experience angina. Patients with diabetes may develop increased blood glucose levels following epinephrine administration. Patients with Parkinson's disease may notice a temporary worsening of symptoms [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
Patients should be advised to seek immediate medical care in the case of accidental injection. Since epinephrine is a strong vasoconstrictor when injected into the digits, hands, or feet, treatment should be directed at vasodilatation if there is such an accidental injection to these areas [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
Storage And Handling
Patients should be instructed to inspect the epinephrine solution visually through the viewing window periodically. Auvi-Q™ should be replaced if the epinephrine solution appears discolored (pinkish color or darker than slightly yellow), cloudy, or contains particles. Epinephrine is light sensitive and should be stored in the outer case provided to protect it from light. Patients should be instructed that Auvi-Q™ must be used or properly disposed once the red safety guard is removed [see Storage And Handling].
Complete PATIENT INFORMATION, including dosage, directions for proper administration and precautions can be found inside each Auvi-Q™ carton.
Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility
Long-term studies to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of epinephrine have not been conducted.
Epinephrine and other catecholamines have been shown to have mutagenic potential in vitro and to be an oxidative mutagen in a WP2 bacterial reverse mutation assay.
The potential for epinephrine to impair fertility has not been evaluated.
This should not prevent the use of epinephrine under the conditions noted under INDICATIONS AND USAGE.
Use In Specific Populations
Teratogenic Effects - Pregnancy Category C.
There are no adequate and well controlled studies of the acute effect of epinephrine in pregnant women.
Epinephrine was teratogenic in rabbits, mice and hamsters. Epinephrine should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus (fetal anoxia, spontaneous abortion, or both).
Epinephrine has been shown to have teratogenic effects when administered subcutaneously in rabbits at approximately 30 times the maximum recommended daily subcutaneous or intramuscular dose (on a mg/m² basis at a maternal dose of 1.2 mg/kg/day for two to three days), in mice at approximately 7 times the maximum daily subcutaneous or intramuscular dose (on a mg/m² basis at a maternal subcutaneous dose of 1 mg/kg/day for 10 days), and in hamsters at approximately 5 times the maximum recommended daily subcutaneous or intramuscular dose (on a mg/m² basis at a maternal subcutaneous dose of 0.5 mg/kg/day for 4 days).
These effects were not seen in mice at approximately 3 times the maximum recommended daily subcutaneous or intramuscular dose (on a mg/m² basis at a subcutaneous maternal dose of 0.5 mg/kg/day for 10 days).
It is not known whether epinephrine is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Auvi-Q™ is administered to a nursing woman.
Auvi-Q™ may be given safely to pediatric patients at a dosage appropriate to body weight [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION]. However, studies in pediatric patients weighing less than 15 kg (33 pounds) have not been conducted.
Clinical studies of Auvi-Q™ did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. Epinephrine should be administered with caution in elderly individuals, who may be at greater risk for developing adverse reactions after epinephrine administration [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, OVERDOSAGE].
Last reviewed on RxList: 8/23/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Additional Auvi-Q Information
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