"Nov. 20, 2012 -- Oral contraceptives should be made available without a prescription to reduce unintended pregnancies, according to a newly published opinion by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG).
- Clinician Information:
Aviane Patient Information including If I Miss a Dose
In this Article
- What is ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel (Aviane)?
- What are the possible side effects of ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel?
- What is the most important information I should know about ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel?
- What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel?
- How should I take ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel?
- What happens if I miss a dose?
- What happens if I overdose?
- What should I avoid while taking ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel?
- What other drugs will affect ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel?
- Where can I get more information?
What happens if I miss a dose?
Missing a pill increases your risk of becoming pregnant.
If you miss one "active" pill, take two pills on the day that you remember. Then take one pill per day for the rest of the pack.
If you miss two "active" pills in a row in week one or two, take two pills per day for two days in a row. Then take one pill per day for the rest of the pack. Use back-up birth control for at least 7 days following the missed pills.
If you miss two "active" pills in a row in week three, or if you miss three pills in a row during any of the first 3 weeks, throw out the rest of the pack and start a new one the same day if you are a Day 1 starter. If you are a Sunday starter, keep taking a pill every day until Sunday. On Sunday, throw out the rest of the pack and start a new one that day.
If you miss three "active" pills in a row during any of the first 3 weeks, throw out the rest of the pack and start a new pack on the same day if you are a Day 1 starter. If you are a Sunday starter, keep taking a pill every day until Sunday. On Sunday, throw out the rest of the pack and start a new one that day.
If you miss two or more pills, you may not have a period during the month. If you miss a period for two months in a row, call your doctor because you might be pregnant.
If you miss any reminder pills, throw them away and keep taking one pill per day until the pack is empty. You do not need back-up birth control if you miss a reminder pill.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine. Overdose symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and vaginal bleeding.
What should I avoid while taking ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel?
Do not smoke while using birth control pills, especially if you are older than 35. Smoking can increase your risk of blood clots, stroke, or heart attack caused by birth control pills.
Birth control pills will not protect you from sexually transmitted diseases--including HIV and AIDS. Using a condom is the only way to protect yourself from these diseases.
What other drugs will affect ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel?
Some drugs can make birth control pills less effective, which may result in pregnancy. Before using birth control pills, tell your doctor if you are using any of the following drugs:
- acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ascorbic acid (vitamin C);
- prednisolone (Orapred);
- theophylline (Respbid, Theo-Dur);
- cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune, Gengraf);
- St. John's wort;
- an antibiotic;
- seizure medications;
- a barbiturate sedative such as secobarbital (Seconal), or phenobarbital (Luminal, Solfoton); or
- HIV or AIDS medications.
This list is not complete and there may be other drugs not listed that can affect birth control pills. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.
Where can I get more information?
Your pharmacist can provide more information about ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel.
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
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Additional Aviane Information
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
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