Bacterial Vaginosis (Causes, Symptoms, Treatment) (cont.)
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- What is bacterial vaginosis?
- What is the cause of bacterial vaginosis?
- What are the signs and symptoms of bacterial vaginosis?
- What are the complications of bacterial vaginosis?
- How is bacterial vaginosis diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for bacterial vaginosis?
- What is the prognosis (outlook) for bacterial vaginosis?
- Can bacterial vaginosis be prevented?
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What are the signs and symptoms of bacterial vaginosis?
Most women with bacterial vaginosis do not have symptoms from the condition. When symptoms are present, an abnormal vaginal discharge is the most common symptom. The discharge is usually gray or whitish in color and can be associated with a fishy odor. Some women report vaginal itching and burning, or burning during urination.
What are the complications of bacterial vaginosis?
Bacterial vaginosis can cause complications during pregnancy. Having bacterial vaginosis has been linked to an increased risk of preterm delivery or having a baby with low birth weight. Bacterial vaginosis also increases a woman's risk of having an infection after surgical procedures such as abortion or hysterectomy. Bacterial vaginosis also increases a woman's risk for contracting sexually-transmitted infections, including herpes simplex virus (HSV), Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and HIV.
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