Bath Salts Abuse and Addiction (cont.)
Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD
Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
In this Article
- Bath salts facts
- What are bath salts, and how are bath salts abused?
- What is the history of bath salts?
- Are bath salts addictive?
- Are bath salts legal?
- What are risk and protective (prevention) factors for bath salts abuse and addiction?
- What are the symptoms and signs of bath salts intoxication?
- What are the side effects, complications, and prognosis of abusing bath salts?
- How is bath salts abuse and addiction diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for bath salts abuse and addiction?
- Where can people find more information about bath salts abuse and addiction?
- Find a local Doctor in your town
Where can people find more information about bath salts abuse and addiction?
Kids Against Drugs (http://www.kidsagainstdrugs.com)
Narcotics Anonymous (http://www.na.org)
National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence: 800-NCA-CALL
National Drug Information Treatment and Referral Hotline: 800-662-HELP (4357)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (http://www.nida.nih.gov)
National Clearinghouse for Alcoholism and Drug Information: 800-729-6686
National Resource Center: 866-870-4979
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Treatment Revision. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association, 2000.
American Psychiatric Association. Practice Guideline and Resources for Treatment of Patients with Substance Use Disorders, Second Edition. Arlington, Virginia: American Psychiatric Association, 2006.
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Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. "'Bath salts': Report on department's findings." July 21, 2011. <http://dhmh.maryland.gov/publicrelations/pr/pdfs/Bath_Salts_Report_DHMH_Findings_072111.pdf>.
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Ross, E.A., G.M. Reisfield, M.C. Watson, et al. "Psychoactive 'bath salts' intoxication with methylenedioxypyrovalerone." American Journal of Medicine 2012.
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Watterson, L.R., P.R. Kufahl, N.E. Nemirovsky, et al. "Potent rewarding and reinforcing effects of the synthetic cathinone 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV)." Addiction Biology 2012: 1369-1600.
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Last Editorial Review: 9/19/2012 7:19:46 PM
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