Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
(BPH, Enlarged Prostate)
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia facts
- What is the prostate gland?
- How does the doctor detect prostate enlargement?
- What is benign prostatic hyperplasia?
- When does benign prostatic hyperplasia start?
- What happens in BPH? What are symptoms of BPH?
- How common is BPH? Are there any risk factors?
- Is BPH a type of cancer?
- Is BPH always treated?
- How is BPH treated?
- Are there other noncancerous prostate problems?
- Can prostate problems be prevented?
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- Take the Enlarged Prostate Quiz!
- Enlarged Prostate (BPH) FAQs
- Patient Comments: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia - Symptoms
- Patient Comments: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia - Treatments
- Find a local Urologist in your town
Benign prostatic hyperplasia facts
- The prostate gland makes a fluid that becomes part of the semen.
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) involves enlargement of the prostate gland.
- The prostate enlargement in BPH is not malignant.
- BPH can impede the flow of urine.
- Symptoms include frequent urge to urinate, getting up at night to urinate, difficulty urinating and dribbling of urine.
- The treatment of BPH is usually reserved for men with significant symptoms.
- Medical and surgical approaches are available to treat BPH.
What is the prostate gland?
The prostate is a small organ about the size of a walnut. It lies below the bladder (where urine is stored) and surrounds the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder). The prostate makes a fluid that helps to nourish sperm as part of the semen (ejaculatory fluid).
Prostate problems are common in men 50 and older. Most can be treated successfully without harming sexual function. A urologist is a specialist in diseases of the urinary system, including diagnosing and treating problems of the prostate gland.
How does the doctor detect prostate enlargement?
A doctor usually can detect an enlarged prostate by rectal exam. The doctor also may examine the urethra, prostate, and bladder using a cytoscope, an instrument that is inserted through the penis.
What is benign prostatic hyperplasia?
Benign prostatic hyperplasia is nonmalignant (noncancerous)enlargement of the prostate gland, a common occurrence in older men. It is also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia and abbreviated as BPH.
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