Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (cont.)
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- What is the prostate gland?
- How does the doctor detect prostate enlargement?
- What is benign prostatic hyperplasia?
- When does benign prostatic hyperplasia start?
- What happens in BPH? What are symptoms of BPH?
- How common is BPH? Are there any risk factors?
- Is BPH a type of cancer?
- Is BPH always treated?
- How is BPH treated?
- Are there other noncancerous prostate problems?
- Can prostate problems be prevented?
- Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia At A Glance
- Enlarged Prostate (BPH) Pictures Slideshow - Slideshow
- Embarrassing Male Body Problems - Slideshow
- Take the Enlarged Prostate Quiz!
- Enlarged Prostate (BPH) FAQs
- Find a local Urologist in your town
Are there other noncancerous prostate problems?
Yes, aside from BPH, there are a number of prostate problems that also have nothing at all to do with cancer. Among these benign disorders of the prostate are acute prostatitis and chronic prostatitis.
Acute prostatitis is a bacterial infection of the prostate. It can occur in men at any age. Symptoms include fever, chills, and pain in the lower back and between the legs. This problem also can make it hard or painful to urinate. Doctors prescribe antibiotics for acute prostatitis and recommend that the patient drink more liquids. Treatment is usually successful.
Chronic prostatitis is a prostate inflammation that tends to recur over time. It is usually not associated with true bacterial infection but causes similar symptoms of pain and discomfort, without fevers or chills. Chronic prostatitis is difficult to treat, and the exact cause is not well understood. Antibiotics may be used in some cases as well as antiinflammatory medications such as ibuprofen. In many cases, symptoms will resolve on their own.
Can prostate problems be prevented?
The best protection against prostate problems is to have regular medical checkups that include a careful prostate exam. See a doctor promptly if symptoms occur such as
- a frequent urge to urinate,
- difficulty in urinating, or
- dribbling of urine.
Regular checkups are important even for men who have had surgery for BPH. BPH surgery does not protect against prostate cancer because only part of the prostate is removed. In all cases, the sooner a doctor finds a problem, the better the chances that treatment will work.
- The prostate gland makes a fluid that becomes part of the semen.
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) involves enlargement of the prostate gland.
- The prostate enlargement in BPH is not malignant.
- BPH can impede the flow of urine.
- Symptoms include frequent urge to urinate, difficulty urinating and dribbling of urine.
- The treatment of BPH is usually reserved for men with significant symptoms.
- Medical and surgical approaches are available to treat BPH.
Last Editorial Review: 6/23/2008
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