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Benzagel

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/28/2009
Drug Description

5 Benzagel (benzoyl peroxide gel) ® & 10 Benzagel®
Acne Gel

(benzoyl peroxide) Gel

DESCRIPTION

Each gram of 5 Benzagel (benzoyl peroxide gel) and 10 Benzagel contains 50 mg and 100 mg respectively, of benzoyl peroxide in a gel vehicle of purified water, carbomer 940, 14% alcohol, sodium hydroxide, docusate sodium and fragrances.

Benzoyl peroxide is an antibacterial and keratolytic agent. The structural formula is:

Hydrous Benzoyl Peroxide

Benzagel (Benzoyl Peroxide) structural formula illustration

For Consumers

What are the possible side effects of benzoyl peroxide topical?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using benzoyl peroxide and call your doctor at once if you have severe stinging or burning of your skin.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • mild stinging or burning;
  • itching or tingly feeling;
  • skin dryness, peeling, or flaking; or
  • redness or other irritation.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical...

Indications & Dosage

INDICATIONS

5 & 10 Benzagel (benzoyl peroxide gel) may be used alone topically for mild to moderate acne and as an adjunct in acne treatment regimens which might include retinoic acid products, systemic antibiotics, and/or sulfur and salicylic acid containing preparations. The active ingredient, benzoyl peroxide, exerts a desquamative and antibacterial action. It provides mild peeling and keratolytic activity.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Wash and dry affected areas prior to application. Apply sparingly one or more times daily.

HOW SUPPLIED

5 Benzagel (benzoyl peroxide gel) is available in 1.5 oz. (42.5g)
(NDC 0066-0430-15) plastic tubes;

10 Benzagel (benzoyl peroxide gel) is available in 1.5 oz. (42.5 g)
(NDC 0066-0431-15) plastic tubes.

5 Benzagel contains 50 mg of benzoyl peroxide per gram and 10 Benzagel contains 100 mg of benzoyl peroxide per gram.

Store at Controlled Room Temperature 20 to 25°C (68 to 77°F) [See USP].

Revised October 2006. Mfd for: Dermik Laboratories, a business of sanofi-aventis U.S. LLC., Bridgewater, NJ 08807.

Side Effects & Drug Interactions

SIDE EFFECTS

Irritation and contact dermatitis are the most frequent side reactions to benzoyl peroxide.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

No information provided.

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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Warnings & Precautions

WARNINGS

If itching, redness, burning, swelling or undue dryness occurs, discontinue use.

PRECAUTIONS

For external use only. Not for ophthalmic use. Keep away from eyes and mucosae. Very fair individuals should begin with a single application at bedtime allowing overnight medication. May bleach colored fabrics. Keep this and all medications out of the reach of children.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis and Impairment of Fertility

Long-term studies in animals have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential.

Pregnancy Category C

Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with benzoyl peroxide. It is also not known whether benzoyl peroxide can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Benzoyl peroxide should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when benzoyl peroxide is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients under the age of 12 have not been established.

Overdosage & Contraindications

OVERDOSE

No information provided.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Benzagel (benzoyl peroxide gel) should not be used by patients having known sensitivity to benzoyl peroxide or any of its components.

Clinical Pharmacology

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Benzoyl peroxide is an antibacterial agent which has been shown to be effective against Propionibacterium acnes. This action is believed to be responsible for its usefulness in acne. One study in the rhesus monkey demonstrated a percutaneous absorption of about 1.8 µg per cm2 of benzoyl peroxide or 45% of the applied dose in a 24-hour period. The absorbed benzoyl peroxide was completely converted in the skin to benzoic acid.

Medication Guide

PATIENT INFORMATION

No information provided. Please refer to the WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS sections.

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