"April 10, 2012 -- Birth control pills that contain the hormone drospirenone must now carry a warning that they may increase the risk for potentially fatal blood clots, according to the FDA.
Drospirenone is a synthetic version of the f"...
Beyaz™ is indicated for use by women to prevent pregnancy.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
Beyaz is also indicated for the treatment of symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) in women who choose to use an oral contraceptive as their method of contraception. The effectiveness of Beyaz for PMDD when used for more than three menstrual cycles has not been evaluated.
The essential features of PMDD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-4th edition (DSM-IV) include markedly depressed mood, anxiety or tension, affective lability, and persistent anger or irritability. Other features include decreased interest in usual activities, difficulty concentrating, lack of energy, change in appetite or sleep, and feeling out of control. Physical symptoms associated with PMDD include breast tenderness, headache, joint and muscle pain, bloating and weight gain. In this disorder, these symptoms occur regularly during the luteal phase and remit within a few days following onset of menses; the disturbance markedly interferes with work or school, or with usual social activities and relationships with others. Diagnosis is made by healthcare providers according to DSM-IV criteria, with symptomatology assessed prospectively over at least two menstrual cycles. In making the diagnosis, care should be taken to rule out other cyclical mood disorders.
Beyaz has not been evaluated for the treatment of premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
Beyaz is indicated for the treatment of moderate acne vulgaris in women at least 14 years of age, who have no known contraindications to oral contraceptive therapy and have achieved menarche. Beyaz should be used for the treatment of acne only if the patient desires an oral contraceptive for birth control.
Beyaz is indicated in women who choose to use an oral contraceptive as their method of contraception, to raise folate levels for the purpose of reducing the risk of a neural tube defect in a pregnancy conceived while taking the product or shortly after discontinuing the product.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
How to Take Beyaz
Take one tablet by mouth at the same time every day. The failure rate may increase when pills are missed or taken incorrectly.
To achieve maximum contraceptive and PMDD effectiveness, Beyaz must be taken as directed, in the order directed on the blister pack. Single missed pills should be taken as soon as remembered.
How to Start Beyaz
Instruct the patient to begin taking Beyaz either on the first day of her menstrual period (Day 1 Start) or on the first Sunday after the onset of her menstrual period (Sunday Start).
Day 1 Start
During the first cycle of Beyaz use, instruct the patient to take one pink Beyaz daily, beginning on Day 1 of her menstrual cycle. (The first day of menstruation is Day 1.) She should take one pink Beyaz daily for 24 consecutive days, followed by one light orange tablet daily on Days 25 through 28. Beyaz should be taken in the order directed on the package at the same time each day, preferably after the evening meal or at bedtime with some liquid, as needed. Beyaz can be taken without regard to meals. If Beyaz is first taken later than the first day of the menstrual cycle, Beyaz should not be considered effective as a contraceptive until after the first 7 consecutive days of product administration. Instruct the patient to use a non-hormonal contraceptive as back-up during the first 7 days. The possibility of ovulation and conception prior to initiation of medication should be considered.
During the first cycle of Beyaz use, instruct the patient to take one pink Beyaz daily, beginning on the first Sunday after the onset of her menstrual period. She should take one pink Beyaz daily for 24 consecutive days, followed by one light orange tablet daily on Days 25 through 28. Beyaz should be taken in the order directed on the package at the same time each day, preferably after the evening meal or at bedtime with some liquid, as needed. Beyaz can be taken without regard to meals. Beyaz should not be considered effective as a contraceptive until after the first 7 consecutive days of product administration. Instruct the patient to use a non-hormonal contraceptive as back-up during the first 7 days. The possibility of ovulation and conception prior to initiation of medication should be considered.
The patient should begin her next and all subsequent 28-day regimens of Beyaz on the same day of the week that she began her first regimen, following the same schedule. She should begin taking her pink tablets on the next day after ingestion of the last light orange folate tablet, regardless of whether or not a menstrual period has occurred or is still in progress. Anytime a subsequent cycle of Beyaz is started later than the day following administration of the last light orange tablet, the patient should use another method of contraception until she has taken a pink Beyaz daily for seven consecutive days.
When switching from a different birth control pill
When switching from another birth control pill, Beyaz should be started on the same day that a new pack of the previous oral contraceptive would have been started.
When switching from a method other than a birth control pill
When switching from a transdermal patch or vaginal ring, Beyaz should be started when the next application would have been due. When switching from an injection, Beyaz should be started when the next dose would have been due. When switching from an intrauterine contraceptive or an implant, Beyaz should be started on the day of removal.
Withdrawal bleeding usually occurs within 3 days following the last pink tablet. If spotting or breakthrough bleeding occurs while taking Beyaz, instruct the patient to continue taking Beyaz by the regimen described above. Counsel her that this type of bleeding is usually transient and without significance; however, advise her that if the bleeding is persistent or prolonged, she should consult her healthcare provider.
Although the occurrence of pregnancy is low if Beyaz is taken according to directions, if withdrawal bleeding does not occur, consider the possibility of pregnancy. If the patient has not adhered to the prescribed dosing schedule (missed one or more active tablets or started taking them on a day later than she should have), consider the possibility of pregnancy at the time of the first missed period and take appropriate diagnostic measures. If the patient has adhered to the prescribed regimen and misses two consecutive periods, rule out pregnancy. Discontinue Beyaz if pregnancy is confirmed.
The risk of pregnancy increases with each active pink tablet missed. For additional patient instructions regarding missed pills, see the “WHAT TO DO IF YOU MISS PILLS” section in the FDA Approved Patient Labeling. If breakthrough bleeding occurs following missed tablets, it will usually be transient and of no consequence. If the patient misses one or more light orange tablets, she should still be protected against pregnancy provided she begins taking a new cycle of pink tablets on the proper day.
For postpartum women who do not breastfeed or after a second trimester abortion, start Beyaz no earlier than 4 weeks postpartum due to the increased risk of thromboembolism. If the patient starts on Beyaz postpartum and has not yet had a period, evaluate for possible pregnancy, and instruct her to use an additional method of contraception until she has taken Beyaz for 7 consecutive days.
Advice in Case of Gastrointestinal Disturbances
In case of severe vomiting or diarrhea, absorption may not be complete and additional contraceptive measures should be taken. If vomiting occurs within 3-4 hours after tablet-taking, this can be regarded as a missed tablet.
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends that women of childbearing age consume supplemental folic acid in a dose of at least 0.4 mg (400 mcg) daily.1 Consider other folate supplementation that a woman may be taking before prescribing Beyaz. Ensure that folate supplementation is maintained if a woman discontinues Beyaz due to pregnancy.
Dosage Forms And Strengths
Beyaz (drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol/levomefolate calcium tablets and levomefolate calcium tablets) is available in blister packs.
Each blister pack (28 film-coated tablets) contains in the following order:
- 24 pink tablets each containing 3 mg drospirenone (DRSP), 0.02 mg ethinyl estradiol (EE) as betadex clathrate and 0.451 mg levomefolate calcium
- 4 light orange tablets each containing 0.451 mg levomefolate calcium
Storage And Handling
Beyaz (drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol/levomefolate calcium tablets and levomefolate calcium tablets) are available in packages of three blister packs (NDC 50419-407-03).
The film-coated tablets are rounded with biconvex faces, one side is embossed with a regular hexagon shape with Z+ or M+.
Each blister pack (28 film-coated tablets) contains in the following order:
- 24 round, biconvex, pink, film-coated tablets with embossed “Z +” in a regular hexagon on one side each containing 3 mg drospirenone, 0.02 mg ethinyl estradiol, and 0.451 mg levomefolate calcium
- 4 round, biconvex, light orange, film-coated tablets with embossed “M+” in a regular hexagon on one side each containing 0.451 mg levomefolate calcium
Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].
1. US Preventive Services Task Force. Folic Acid for the Prevention of Neural Tube Defects: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. Ann Intern Med 2009;150:626-631.
Manufactured for Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals Inc., Wayne, NJ 07470. Manufactured in Germany. Revised: 4/2012
Last reviewed on RxList: 4/19/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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