Birth Control Methods (cont.)
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
Jerry R. Balentine, DO, FACEP
Dr. Balentine received his undergraduate degree from McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. He attended medical school at the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine graduating in1983. He completed his internship at St. Joseph's Hospital in Philadelphia and his Emergency Medicine residency at Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center in the Bronx, where he served as chief resident.
In this Article
- Birth control facts
- What are the different types of birth control available?
- What are hormonal birth control options (including oral contraceptives pills)?
- What are barrier methods of birth control (including condoms)?
- What are natural birth control options?
- What about surgical sterilization (tubal ligation or vasectomy) for birth control?
- What is emergency contraception?
- What are IUDs (intrauterine devices)?
- Find a local Obstetrician-Gynecologist in your town
What is emergency contraception?
Emergency contraception is a medication or device used to prevent pregnancy after unprotected intercourse has occurred. Emergency hormonal contraceptives are sometimes known as "morning after" pills. These drugs prevent pregnancy if taken within 72 hours after intercourse. This is also known as emergency contraception. Insertion of a copper intrauterine device (IUD) is also an effective method of emergency contraception.
Side effects of emergency contraception or "morning after" pills can include
What are IUDs (intrauterine devices)?
IUDs or intrauterine devices are implantable devices that create an environment in the lining tissues of the womb that is unfavorable for implantation of a fertilized egg.
Side effects of IUDs depend on the type of IUD being used.
- Copper-containing IUDs may worsen menstrual bleeding and cramps.
- Puncture or perforation of the uterus is a rare complication of all IUDs.
- IUDs that contain hormones may cause similar side effects to hormonal contraceptives, like headaches, breast tenderness, acne, or headaches.
womenshealth.gov. Birth control methods fact sheet.
CDC.gov. Unintended pregnancy prevention.
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