Birth Control Methods (cont.)
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- Introduction to birth control methods
- Hormonal methods (including oral contraceptives)
- Barrier methods (including condoms)
- Natural methods
- Surgical sterilization (tubal ligation or vasectomy)
- Contraceptives after unprotected sex (morning after pill)
- IUDs (intrauterine devices)
- Find a local Obstetrician-Gynecologist in your town
Contraceptives after unprotected sex (morning after pills)
Contraceptives after unprotected sex are sometimes known as "morning after" pills. These drugs prevent pregnancy if taken within 72 hours after intercourse. This is also known as emergency contraception.
IUDs (intrauterine devices)
IUDs or intrauterine devices are implantable devices that create an environment in the lining tissues of the womb that is unfavorable for implantation of a fertilized egg.
The decision about what kind of birth control to use is extremely personal, and there is no single choice that is safest or best for all women or couples. A woman should carefully weigh the risks and benefits, along with the effectiveness, of each method before making a choice. A thorough and open discussion with your health care professional can help in this decision process.
womenshealth.gov. Birth control methods fact sheet.
CDC.gov. Unintended pregnancy prevention.
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