May 3, 2016
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Birth Control Methods (cont.)

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1. What are hormonal birth control options (including oral contraceptives pills)?

Hormonal options of birth control involve the use of hormones to prevent ovulation in a woman. Although oral contraceptive pills are the most widely used hormonal method, other options are available including the vaginal ring, hormone patches applied to the skin, and injections of progestin.

Common side effects of birth control pills

  • nausea,
  • vomiting,
  • weight gain,
  • skin discoloration,
  • acne,
  • bleeding between periods or spotting,
  • mood swings,
  • change in menstrual flow, and
  • breasts swelling or tenderness.

Heart attacks, blood clots, and strokes are more serious complications of oral contraceptives.

Cigarette smoking increases the risk of these complications. This risk is greatest in women over 35 who are heavy smokers (>15 cigarettes/day). Your health-care professional l usually will recommend that you quit smoking if you use birth control pills.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/26/2016


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