May 4, 2016
font size

Birth Control Methods (cont.)

Medical Author:
Medical Editor:

2. What are barrier methods of birth control (including condoms)?

Barrier options prevent fertilization of the egg by a sperm cell. These either prevent contact between egg and sperm via a physical block or kill sperm cells before they are able to fertilize an egg. Examples of physical barrier contraceptives include the diaphragm, condoms, and the cervical cap or shield.

Contraceptive sponges contain a spermicide cream to kill sperm cells, and other forms of spermicides are available as well. Spermicides may be used in combination with barrier methods for greater effectiveness.

Side effects of barrier methods of birth control

Side effects of barrier methods of birth control can include:

  • An increased risk for developing urinary tract infections (UTIs) if using a diaphragm and spermicide.
  • Leaving a diaphragm or cervical cap in for longer than 24 hours increases your risk for toxic shock syndrome.
  • Some people may have allergies to the chemicals used in spermicide creams or other spermicide products. They may develop irritation of the vagina or penis.

One of the advantages to the use of barrier methods is that they can decrease the risk of sexually transmitted diseases (especially properly used condoms). None of them eliminate this risk.

3. What about surgical sterilization (tubal ligation or vasectomy) for birth control?

Surgical sterilization is a form of permanent birth control that is available for both women (tubal ligation) and men (vasectomy). Sterilization implants are a more recent type of permanent birth control that is available for women that allows women to avoid the surgical procedure associated with tubal ligation.

What are the risks of vasectomy or tubal ligation?

Although women who have had tubal ligation do not have side effects after recovering from the procedure, any surgery itself carries a small risk of infection or bleeding as well as complications from the anesthetic agents.

Likewise, the vasectomy procedure is associated with small risks from the procedure as well as some swelling and pain in the days following the procedure. For a time period post vasectomy a man can still be fertile and it is usually recommended that a barrier method or other birth control method is used for 10-12 weeks or 15 – 20 ejaculations post procedure.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/26/2016

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/birth_control_methods/article.htm

Women's Health

Find out what women really need.

advertisement
advertisement
Use Pill Finder Find it Now See Interactions

Pill Identifier on RxList

  • quick, easy,
    pill identification

Find a Local Pharmacy

  • including 24 hour, pharmacies

Interaction Checker

  • Check potential drug interactions
Search the Medical Dictionary for Health Definitions & Medical Abbreviations