July 28, 2016

Black Currant

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What other names is Black Currant known by?

Black Currant Seed Oil, Cassis, European Black Currant, Feuille de Cassis, Gadelier Noir, Groseille Noir, Grosella Negra, Huile de Pépins de Cassis, Nabar, Paper, Ribes Nigri Folium (Black Currant Leaf), Ribes Nero, Ribes nigrum.

What is Black Currant?

Black currant is a plant. People use the seed oil, leaves, fruit, and flowers to make medicine.

Women use black currant seed oil for treating symptoms of menopause, premenstrual syndrome, painful periods, and breast tenderness. It is also used for boosting immunity.

Black currant berry is used for coughs and Alzheimer's disease.

Black currant dried leaf is used for arthritis, gout, joint pain (rheumatism), diarrhea, colic, hepatitis and other liver ailments, convulsions, and disorders that cause swelling (inflammation) of the mouth and throat. Black currant dried leaf is also used for treating coughs, colds, and whooping cough; disinfecting the urine; promoting urine flow; treating bladder stones, and as a cleansing tea.

Some people apply black currant leaf directly to the skin for treating wounds and insect bites.

In foods, black currant berry is used to flavor liqueurs and other products. People also eat black currant berry.

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

  • High cholesterol. Some research suggests that taking black currant seed oil can reduce total cholesterol and blood fats called triglycerides. It also seems to increase "good" high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol.
  • High blood pressure. Early research suggests that taking black currant seed oil by mouth does not reduce blood pressure in adults with borderline high blood pressure. However, it appears to reduce stress-related increases in blood pressure in adults with borderline high blood pressure.
  • A specific type of seasonal allergies (Japanese cedar pollinosis). Early research suggests that taking black currant by mouth does not improve allergy symptoms in people with Japanese cedar pollinosis.
  • Muscle fatigue. Early research suggests that taking black currant by mouth reduces muscle fatigue or stiffness after doing repetitive tasks.
  • Artery disease (peripheral arterial disease, PAD). Early research shows that drinking a mixture of black currant juice and orange juice reduces markers of swelling in people with peripheral arterial disease.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Some research suggests that taking black currant seed oil by mouth reduces joint tenderness in people with rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Circulatory problems (venous insufficiency). Early research suggests that taking black currant by mouth reduces pain and swelling in women with circulatory problems associated with taking birth control.
  • Menopause symptoms.
  • Premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
  • Painful menstrual periods.
  • Breast pain.
  • Boosting the immune system.
  • Arthritis.
  • Gout.
  • Alzheimer's disease.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Liver problems.
  • Mouth and throat inflammation.
  • Coughs.
  • Colds.
  • Fluid retention.
  • Bladder stones.
  • Wounds.
  • Insect bites.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate black currant for these uses.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).


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