Bladder Infection (cont.)
Siamak T. Nabili, MD, MPH
Dr. Nabili received his undergraduate degree from the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), majoring in chemistry and biochemistry. He then completed his graduate degree at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). His graduate training included a specialized fellowship in public health where his research focused on environmental health and health-care delivery and management.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- What is a bladder infection?
- What causes bladder infections?
- What are some risk factors for bladder infection?
- What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in women?
- What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in men?
- What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in children?
- How is a bladder infection diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for a bladder infection?
- Are home remedies effective for a bladder infection?
- How is a bladder infection during pregnancy treated?
- What are potential complications of a bladder infection?
- Can bladder infections be prevented?
- What is the prognosis for a bladder infection?
- Find a local Doctor in your town
What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in women?
Because cystitis is seen more commonly in women, most signs and symptoms listed below pertain to cystitis in women unless otherwise indicated.
General symptoms of bladder infection may include:
- Dysuria (painful urination)
- Urinary frequency
- Urinary urgency (urge to urinate)
- Hesitancy to void urine
- Bladder pain (pain around the pelvic area)
- Incomplete voiding of urine
- Urinary incontinence (involuntary loss of urine)
Fevers, chills, nausea, vomiting, and poor oral intake are rarely seen in bladder infection, although they are more common in more severe urinary infections such as kidney infection.
Some common signs of bladder infection are:
- Lower abdominal tenderness
- Blood in urine (hematuria)
- Tenderness on the sides of the back (flanks)
- Foul-smelling urine
- In elderly patients, lethargy or confusion may be the only signs
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