Blood Clots

Blood clot facts

  • Blood clots form when blood fails to circulate adequately.
  • Arterial thrombi form when a plaque ruptures and promotes an acute clot formation.
  • Venous thrombosis occurs when prolonged immobilization allows blood to pool in an extremity and then clot.
  • The diagnosis is suggested by the history and physical examination and often confirmed with an imaging test.
  • Treatment may require surgery, anti-coagulation medications, or a combination of the two.
  • Prevention of blood clots involves attention to the risk factors for vascular disease.
  • Serious complications can arise from blood clots, and individuals should seek medical care if they believe a blood clot exists.
Reviewed on 7/10/2014
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