Bocavirus Infection (cont.)
Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
In this Article
- Bocavirus facts
- What is bocavirus?
- What are the symptoms and signs of bocavirus infection?
- How is bocavirus infection spread?
- How is bocavirus infection diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for bocavirus infection?
- What is the prognosis of bocavirus infection?
- Can bocavirus infection be prevented?
- Find a local Doctor in your town
What is the prognosis of bocavirus infection?
The prognosis of patients with bocavirus detected is unclear because it is not known if bocavirus is responsible, alone or in part, for any disease or infection. However, when bocavirus strains are detected, they are frequently found associated (from about 45%-93% of patients tested by experienced investigators) with other viruses known to cause infections. The viruses that are identified in association with bocavirus are of several different types:
- RSV (respiratory syncytial virus)
- Parainfluenza virus
- Herpes simplex virus
As research on bocavirus progresses, other types of associated viruses are likely to be found. The prognosis for patients with these viruses is usually good, especially if patients are seen and treated by a medical caregiver early in the infection. However, for a few patients who develop severe symptoms with these viral infections, the prognosis may range from fair to poor.
Can bocavirus infection be prevented?
Bocavirus strains have not yet been shown definitively to cause infection; prevention methods await development and are likely to be investigated if these viruses are shown to participate in causing infection. Currently, there is no vaccine in development for human use.
Medically reviewed by Robert Cox, MD; American Board of Internal Medicine with subspecialty in Infectious Disease
Allander, T., M.T. Tammi, M. Eriksson, et al. "Cloning of a Human Parvovirus by Molecular Screening of Respiratory Tract Samples." Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 102.36 Sept. 6 2005: 12891-12896.
Bennett, Nicholas John, and Joseph Domachowske. "Bocavirus." eMedicine.com. Oct. 6, 2008. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1355393-overview>.
Song, J., Y. Jin, Z. Xie, et al. "Novel Human Bocavirus in Children With Acute Respiratory Tract Infection." Emerg Infect Dis 16.2 (2010): 324-327.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Human Bocavirus 2 in Children, South Korea." Oct. 23, 2009. <http://www.cdc.gov/EID/content/15/10/1698.htm>.
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