July 28, 2016
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Bone Cancer Overview (cont.)

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What is the prognosis for bone cancer? What is the five-year survival rate for bone cancer?

The prognosis, or outlook, for survival for bone cancer patients depends upon the particular type of cancer and the extent to which it has spread. The overall five-year survival rate for all bone cancers in adults and children is about 70%. Chondrosarcomas in adults have an overall five-year survival rate of about 80%.

The five-year survival rate specifically for localized osteosarcomas is about 60%-80%. If the cancer has spread beyond bone, the survival rate is about 15%-30%. Osteosarcomas tend to have a more favorable prognosis if they are located in an arm or leg, respond well to chemotherapy, and are generally completely removed at surgery. Younger patients and females also tend to have a more favorable prognosis than males or older patients.

Ewing sarcomas have a five-year survival rate of about 70% when they are found in a localized stage. If they have spread outside of the bone, the survival rate drops to 15%-30%. Factors that are associated with a more favorable prognosis for Ewing sarcomas include smaller tumor size, age less than 10 years, having the cancer in an arm or leg (instead of in the pelvis or chest wall), and having a good response to chemotherapy drugs.

Is it possible to prevent bone cancer?

Since the exact cause of bone cancer is poorly understood, there are no lifestyle changes or habits that can prevent these uncommon cancers.

REFERENCES:

"Bone Cancer." American Cancer Society.

"Bone Cancer." National Cancer Institute.

Lin, P.P., and S. Patel. "Osteosarcoma." MD Anderson Cancer Care Series. Springer. 2013.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/12/2015

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/bone_cancer_overview/article.htm

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