Bone Marrow (cont.)
In this Article
- What is bone marrow?
- What is a bone marrow procedure?
- Why are bone marrows done?
- What bone is used to sample the bone marrow?
- How is a bone marrow performed?
- What is done with the bone marrow sample?
- What diseases are diagnosed by bone marrow examination?
- What are the risks of a bone marrow procedure?
What are the risks of a bone marrow procedure?
Different individuals feel the pain caused by injection of the local anesthetic and the remainder of the procedure to a variable extent. There may be dull soreness for a day or two. Significant complications are very unusual but can include bleeding and infection, and prolonged pain. This procedure is only done by experienced physicians using special bone marrow needles. Bone marrow biopsies are done almost exclusively from pelvic bones. It is unsafe to perform a bone marrow biopsy on the sternum, and special needle with a guard on it is used for sternal marrow aspirations.
Rare fatalities have been reported, usually during sternal marrows when the needle has penetrated the sternum and cut one of the arteries on the surface of the heart.
Medically reviewed by Jay B. Zatzkin, MD; American Board of Internal Medicine with subspecialty in Medical Oncology
"Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy: Indications and technique"
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