July 31, 2016
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Breast Cancer

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Breast cancer facts

  • Breast cancer is the most common cancer among American women.
  • One in every eight women in the United States develops breast cancer.
  • There are many types of breast cancer that differ in their capability of spreading (metastasize) to other body tissues.
  • The causes of breast cancer are not yet fully known, although a number of risk factors have been identified.
  • There are many different types of breast cancer.
  • Breast cancer symptoms and signs include
    • a lump in the breast or armpit,
    • bloody nipple discharge,
    • inverted nipple,
    • orange-peel texture or dimpling of the breast's skin,
    • breast pain or sore nipple,
    • swollen lymph nodes in the neck or armpit, and
    • a change in the size or shape of the breast or nipple.
  • Breast cancer is diagnosed during a physical exam, by self-examination of the breasts, mammography, ultrasound testing, and biopsy.
  • Treatment of breast cancer depends on the type of cancer and its stage (0-IV) and may involve surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy.
Picture of a woman performing a self-examination of her breast
Picture of a woman performing a self-examination of her breast; photo courtesy of Getty Images

According to the American Cancer society

  • over 230,000 new cases of invasive breast cancer are diagnosed each year in women and over 2,300 in men;
  • approximately 40,000 women and 440 men died of breast cancer in 2015;
  • there are over 3.1 million breast cancer survivors in the United States;
  • although breast cancer awareness and survival has increased significantly in the United States for all races, several studies have cited a significantly worse survival rate for African-American women compared to white women; and
  • guidelines for mammography differ depending on the organization making recommendations. Currently, the American Cancer Society recommends yearly mammograms for women aged 45-54 for women at average risk for breast cancer and mammograms every two years for women aged 55 and older, who should also have the option to continue yearly screening.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/23/2016

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/breast_cancer_facts_stages/article.htm

Breast Cancer

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