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"Nov. 20, 2012 -- Oral contraceptives should be made available without a prescription to reduce unintended pregnancies, according to a newly published opinion by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG).

Whether t"...

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OVERDOSE

Serious ill effects have not been reported following acute ingestion of large doses of oral contraceptives by young children. Overdosage may cause nausea, and withdrawal bleeding may occur in females.

Non-Contraceptive Health Benefits

The following non-contraceptive health benefits related to the use of oral contraceptives are supported by epidemiological studies which largely utilized oral contraceptive formulations containing estrogen doses exceeding 0.035 mg of ethinyl estradiol or 0.05 mg of menstranol.6-11

Effects on menses:

Effects related to inhibition of ovulation:

Effects from long-term use:

Keep this and all medication out of the reach of children.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Oral contraceptives should not be used in women who have the following conditions:

REFERENCES

6. The Cancer and Steroid Hormone Study of the Centers for Disease Control: JAMA 249(2):1596-1599, 1983.

7. The Cancer and Steroid Hormone Study of the Centers for Disease Control: JAMA 257(6):796-800, 1987.

8. Ory, H.W.: JAMA 228(1):68-69, 1974.

9. Ory, H.W., et al.: N Engl J Med 294:419-422, 1976.

10. Ory, H.W.: Fam Plann Perspect 14:182-184, 1982.

11. Ory, H.W., et al.: Making Choices, New York, The Alan Guttmacher Institute, 1983.

Last reviewed on RxList: 1/23/2009
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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