John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
- Broken toe facts
- Introduction to broken toe
- What are the causes of a broken toe?
- What are the symptoms of a broken toe?
- What are the possible complications of a broken toe?
- When should I call a doctor about a broken toe?
- How is a broken toe diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for a broken toe?
- Caring for a broken toe at home
- Medical treatment
- Other therapy (reduction, buddy taping, how to tape a broken toe, casting)
- What is the outlook for a broken toe?
- Patient Comments: Broken Toe - Describe Your Experience
- Patient Comments: Broken Toe - Treatments
- Patient Comments: Broken Toe - Diagnosis
- Patient Comments: Broken Toe - Symptoms
- Find a local Orthopedic Surgeon in your town
Broken toe facts
- Broken toes are often caused by trauma or injury. Prolonged repetitive movements can cause a type of broken toe called a stress or hairline fracture.
- Symptoms of a broken toe include pain, swelling, or stiffness, bruising, deformity, and difficultly walking if the big toe is broken.
- Possible complications of a broken toe include nail injury, compound fracture, infection, deformity, or arthritis.
- Seek immediate medical care if you suspect an open fracture of the toe; if there is bleeding; cold, numb, or tingling sensation; if the toe appears deformed or is pointing in the wrong direction; or blue or gray color to the injured area.
- A broken toe is diagnosed with a medical examination, which may include X-rays.
- To help decrease pain and swelling in a broken toe, elevate the foot, ice the injury, and stay off the foot.
- Depending on the severity of the fracture, the toe may need to be put back into place (reduced), and some compound toe fractures may require surgery.
- Pain from a broken toe can usually be controlled with over-the-counter pain medication.
- Buddy taping can be used to help splint a fractured toe.
- Most broken toes heal without complications in six weeks.
Introduction to broken toe
About 10% of all fractures occur in one of the 26 bones of the foot. A commonly injured area of the foot is the toes (phalanxes). Trauma and the injury to the foot often causes one or more of the toe bones to break (fracture).
What are the causes of a broken toe?
Trauma or injury such as stubbing the toe (jammed toe) or dropping a heavy object on the toe may cause a broken toe. The location of the toes (at the front part of the feet) makes them the most likely part of the foot to be injured.
Prolonged repetitive movements, as in certain sports activities, can cause a type of broken type of broken toe called a stress or hairline fracture.
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