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Broken Toe

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Broken toe facts

  • Broken toes are often caused by trauma or injury. Prolonged repetitive movements can cause a type of broken toe called a stress or hairline fracture.
  • Symptoms of a broken toe include pain, swelling, or stiffness, bruising, deformity, and difficultly walking if the big toe is broken.
  • Possible complications of a broken toe include nail injury, compound fracture, infection, deformity, or arthritis.
  • Seek immediate medical care if you suspect an open fracture of the toe; if there is bleeding; cold, numb, or tingling sensation; if the toe appears deformed or is pointing in the wrong direction; or blue or gray color to the injured area.
  • A broken toe is diagnosed with a medical examination, which may include X-rays.
  • To help decrease pain and swelling in a broken toe, elevate the foot, ice the injury, and stay off the foot.
  • Depending on the severity of the fracture, the toe may need to be put back into place (reduced), and some compound toe fractures may require surgery.
  • Pain from a broken toe can usually be controlled with over-the-counter pain medication.
  • Buddy taping can be used to help splint a fractured toe.
  • Most broken toes heal without complications in six weeks.

Introduction to broken toe

About 10% of all fractures occur in one of the 26 bones of the foot. A commonly injured area of the foot is the toes (phalanxes). Trauma and the injury to the foot often causes one or more of the toe bones to break (fracture).

What are the causes of a broken toe?

Trauma or injury such as stubbing the toe (jammed toe) or dropping a heavy object on the toe may cause a broken toe. The location of the toes (at the front part of the feet) makes them the most likely part of the foot to be injured.

Prolonged repetitive movements, as in certain sports activities, can cause a type of broken type of broken toe called a stress or hairline fracture.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/21/2013

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Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/broken_toe/article.htm

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