Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD
Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
- Bullying facts
- What is bullying?
- How common is bullying?
- What are the different types of bullying?
- What makes a bully? Why do kids bully? Why do adults bully?
- What are causes and risk factors of bullying?
- What are symptoms and signs of children and adults who are bullied?
- What are the effects of bullying?
- What should victims of bullying and their parents do to stop bullying?
- What should parents do if they think their child is bullying others?
- What can people do if they see someone being bullied?
- What measures can be implemented to prevent bullying at school and in the workplace?
- Where can people find more information about bullying?
- Find a local Doctor in your town
- Bullying is defined as physical or verbal aggression that is repeated over a period of time and involves an imbalance of power.
- Almost 30% of students from grades six through 10 have either been a bully or the victim of bullying, and about half of high school students acknowledge having bullied other students in the past year.
- Up to almost 75% of people have been the victim of cyber bullying in their lifetime.
- Teachers often underestimate how much bullying is occurring at their schools.
- Parents tend to be aware their child is being bullied only about half the time.
- More than 40% of workers in the United States are thought to have been bullied in the workplace.
- There are thought to be four types of bullying: physical, verbal, relational, and reactive.
- Bullies have been found to have rather high self-esteem and to be social climbers.
- Bystanders of bullying tend to succumb to what they believe is peer pressure to support bullying behavior and fear of becoming the victim.
- Bullying can have significantly negative outcomes, for both the bully and the victim.
- There are a number of approaches that victims and bystanders of bullying, as well as parents, school, and work personnel can use to discourage bullying at school or in the workplace.
What is bullying?
While state laws have little consistency in their definition of bullying, the accepted definition by many mental-health professionals is physical or verbal aggression that is repeated over a period of time and involves an imbalance of power. It is further characterized by the bully repeatedly using the higher social status they have over the victim to exert power and to hurt the victim. When the harassment, name calling, gossiping, or rumor spreading extends from being done in person or by phone to the use of emails, chat rooms, blogs, or other social media, it is referred to as cyber bullying.
Bullying is usually thought of as taking place between children at school. However, it can also occur at work and include behaviors like verbal abuse, sabotaging the victim' s job or work relationship, or misusing authority. Adult bullies who engage in these behaviors are males 60% of the time. While men who bully tend to direct their hostility toward both genders equally, women bullies target other women about 80% of the time.
Next: How common is bullying?
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