Burning Mouth Syndrome (cont.)
In this Article
- Burning mouth syndrome facts*
- Burning mouth syndrome introduction
- What are signs and symptoms of burning mouth syndrome?
- What are causes of burning mouth syndrome?
- How is burning mouth syndrome diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for burning mouth syndrome?
- What are helpful tips for dealing with burning mouth syndrome?
- Find a local Doctor in your town
What are signs and symptoms of burning mouth syndrome?
Moderate to severe burning in the mouth is the main symptom of BMS and can persist for months or years. For many people, the burning sensation begins in late morning, builds to a peak by evening, and often subsides at night. Some feel constant pain; for others, pain comes and goes. Anxiety and depression are common in people with burning mouth syndrome and may result from their chronic pain.
Other symptoms of BMS include:
- tingling or numbness on the tip of the tongue or in the mouth
- bitter or metallic changes in taste
- dry or sore mouth.
What are causes of burning mouth syndrome?
There are a number of possible causes of burning mouth syndrome, including:
- damage to nerves that control pain and taste
- hormonal changes
- dry mouth, which can be caused by many medicines and disorders such as Sjögren's syndrome or diabetes
- nutritional deficiencies
- oral candidiasis, a fungal infection in the mouth
- acid reflux
- poorly-fitting dentures or allergies to denture materials
- anxiety and depression.
In some people, burning mouth syndrome may have more than one cause. But for many, the exact cause of their symptoms cannot be found.
How is burning mouth syndrome diagnosed?
A review of your medical history, a thorough oral examination, and a general medical examination may help identify the source of your burning mouth. Tests may include:
- blood work to look for infection, nutritional deficiencies, and disorders associated with BMS such as diabetes or thyroid problems
- oral swab to check for oral candidiasis
- allergy testing for denture materials, certain foods, or other substances that may be causing your symptoms.
Viewers share their comments
WebMD Oral Health
Get tips for a healthy mouth.