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Burning Mouth Syndrome (cont.)

What are causes of burning mouth syndrome?

There are a number of possible causes of burning mouth syndrome, including:

  • damage to nerves that control pain and taste
  • hormonal changes
  • dry mouth, which can be caused by many medicines and disorders such as Sjögren's syndrome or diabetes
  • nutritional deficiencies
  • oral candidiasis, a fungal infection in the mouth
  • acid reflux
  • poorly-fitting dentures or allergies to denture materials
  • anxiety and depression.

In some people, burning mouth syndrome may have more than one cause. But for many, the exact cause of their symptoms cannot be found.

How is burning mouth syndrome diagnosed?

A review of your medical history, a thorough oral examination, and a general medical examination may help identify the source of your burning mouth. Tests may include:

  • blood work to look for infection, nutritional deficiencies, and disorders associated with BMS such as diabetes or thyroid problems
  • oral swab to check for oral candidiasis
  • allergy testing for denture materials, certain foods, or other substances that may be causing your symptoms.

What is the treatment for burning mouth syndrome?

Treatment should be tailored to your individual needs. Depending on the cause of your BMS symptoms, possible treatments may include:

  • usting or replacing irritating dentures
  • treating existing disorders such as diabetes, Sjögren's syndrome, or a thyroid problem to improve burning mouth symptoms
  • recommending supplements for nutritional deficiencies
  • switching medicine, where possible, if a drug you are taking is causing your burning mouth
  • prescribing medications to
    • relieve dry mouth
    • treat oral candidiasis
    • help control pain from nerve damage
    • relieve anxiety and depression.

When no underlying cause can be found, treatment is aimed at the symptoms to try to reduce the pain associated with burning mouth syndrome.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/18/2014

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Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/burning_mouth_syndrome/article.htm

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