May 27, 2017
Recommended Topic Related To:

Caffeine and Sodium Benzoate

"President Barack Obama traveled to Atlanta on Tuesday to shine a light on the nation's opioid abuse epidemic, which continues to get worse.

More than 28,000 Americans accidentally overdosed on opioids in 2014, according to the Nationa"...


Caffeine and Sodium Benzoate Injection

How Supplied


Caffeine and Sodium Benzoate Injection has been used in conjunction with supportive measure to treat respiratory depression associated with overdosage with CNS depressant drugs (e.g., narcotic analgesics, alcohol). However, because of questionable benefit and transient action, most authorities believe caffeine and other analeptics should not be used in these conditions and recommend other supportive therapy.


Caffeine and Sodium Benzoate Injection (caffeine alkaloid) may be administered by intramuscular or slow intravenous injection Some clinicians suggest that when used as a mild CNS stimulant to overcome fatigue, oral doses of 100 200 mg of anhydrous caffeine are required. One manufacturer recommends that citrated caffeine administered orally in dosages of 65-325 mg (about 32-162 mg of anhydrous caffeine) 3 times daily. Another manufacturer recommends an oral dosage of 250 mg of anhydrous caffeine in an extended-release formulation once daily, but warns that the drug should not be administered less than 6 hours before retiring.

Analeptic use of caffeine is strongly discouraged by most clinicians. However, the manufacturer of Caffeine Sodium Benzoate Injection recommends intramuscular, or in emergency respiratory failure, intravenous injection of 500 mg of the drug (about 250 mg of anhydrous caffeine) or a maximum single dose of 1 gram (about 500 mg of anhydrous caffeine) for the treatment of respiratory depression associated with overdosage of CNS depressants, including narcotic analgesics and alcohol, and with electric shock.

The usual dose is 0.5 g (7½ grains) as frequently as directed by the physician. The maximum safe dose 0.5 g and the total dose in 24 hours should rarely exceed 2.5 g.

Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter prior to administration whenever solution and container permit.


Caffeine and Sodium Benzoate Injection, USP (caffeine alkaloid) 250 mg/mL

NDC 0517-2502-102 mL Single Dose Vials

Packed in boxes of 10.

Store at controlled room temperature between 15°-30°C (59°-86°F).

Rev. 11/98. American Regent Laboratories Inc., Shirley, NY 11967. FDA revision date: n/a

This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Last reviewed on RxList: 9/30/2008

How Supplied

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration


You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Women's Health

Find out what women really need.

Use Pill Finder Find it Now See Interactions

Pill Identifier on RxList

  • quick, easy,
    pill identification

Find a Local Pharmacy

  • including 24 hour, pharmacies

Interaction Checker

  • Check potential drug interactions
Search the Medical Dictionary for Health Definitions & Medical Abbreviations