Cancer Prevention (cont.)
In this Article
- What is cancer prevention?
- Cancer Risk factors
- Factors That are Known to Increase the Risk of Cancer
- Factors That May Affect the Risk of Cancer
- Interventions that are known to lower cancer risk
- Interventions that are not known to lower cancer risk
Interventions that are not known to lower cancer risk
Vitamin and dietary supplements have not been shown to prevent cancer.
An intervention is a treatment or action taken to prevent or treat disease, or improve health in other ways.
There is not enough proof that taking multivitamin and mineral supplements or single vitamins or minerals can prevent cancer. The following vitamins and mineral supplements have been studied, but have not been shown to lower the risk of cancer:
- Vitamin B6.
- Vitamin B12.
- Vitamin E.
- Vitamin C.
- Beta carotene.
- Folic acid.
- Vitamin D.
The Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT) found that vitamin E taken alone increased the risk of prostate cancer. The risk continued even after the men stopped taking vitamin E. Taking selenium with vitamin E or taking selenium alone did not increase the risk of prostate cancer.
Vitamin D has also been studied to see if it has anticancer effects. Skin exposed to sunshine can make vitamin D. Vitamin D can also be consumed in the diet and in dietary supplements. Taking vitamin D in doses from 400-1100 IU / day has not been shown to lower the risk of cancer.
The VITamin D and OmegA-3 TriaL (VITAL) is under way to study whether taking vitamin D (2000 IU/ day) and omega-3 fatty acids from marine (oily fish) sources lowers the risk of cancer.
"Cancer Prevention Overview (PDQ)" National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute. 25 May 2012.
Last Editorial Review: 5/25/2012
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