"The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is closely following new reports of the mosquito-borne chikungunya (chik-un-GUHN-ya) virus among residents of the French side of St. Martin in the Caribbean. While outbreaks of chikungunya "...
(capremycin) for Injection, USP
FOR INTRAMUSCULAR AND INTRAVENOUS INFUSION ONLY
NOT FOR PEDIATRIC USE
The use of Capastat® Sulfate (Capreomycin for Injection, USP) in patients with renal insufficiency or preexisting auditory impairment must be undertaken with great caution, and the risk of additional cranial nerve VIII impairment or renal injury should be weighed against the benefits to be derived from therapy.
Refer to ANIMAL PHARMACOLOGY for additional information.
Since other parenteral antituberculosis agents (streptomycin, viomycin) also have similar and sometimes irreversible toxic effects, particularly on cranial nerve VIII and renal function, simultaneous administration of these agents with Capastat Sulfate (capreomycin for injection) is not recommended. Use with nonantituberculosis drugs (polymyxin A sulfate, colistin sulfate, amikacin, gentamicin, tobramycin, vancomycin, kanamycin, and neomycin) having ototoxic or nephrotoxic potential should be undertaken only with great caution.
Usage in Pregnancy: The safety of the use of Capastat Sulfate (capreomycin for injection) in pregnancy has not been determined.
Pediatric Usage: Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.
Capastat Sulfate (capreomycin for injection) is a polypeptide antibiotic isolated from Streptomyces capreolus. It is a complex of 4 microbiologically active components which have been characterized in part; however, complete structural determination of all the components has not been established.
Capreomycin is supplied as the disulfate salt and is soluble in water. In complete solution, it is almost colorless.
Each vial contains the equivalent of 1 g capreomycin activity.
The structural formula is as follows:
What are the possible side effects of capreomycin (Capastat Sulfate)?
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Stop using capreomycin and call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:
- urinating less than usual or not at all;
- changes in your hearing;
- spinning sensation, problems with balance;
- ringing or roaring sound in your ears; or
- low potassium (confusion, uneven heart rate, extreme thirst, increased urination, leg discomfort, muscle weakness or limp...
What are the precautions when taking capreomycin for injection (Capastat Sulfate)?
Before using capreomycin, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: kidney disease, hearing trouble, dehydration, liver disease, a certain muscle disease (myasthenia gravis), Parkinson's disease.
This drug may make you dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Limit alcoholic beverages.
Kidney function declines as you grow older. This medication is removed by the kidneys. Therefore,...
Last reviewed on RxList: 9/4/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Additional Capastat Sulfate Information
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