April 29, 2017
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Carboplatin

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Carboplatin

CARBOPLATIN
(carboplatin) Injection, Solution

WARNING

Carboplatin injection should be administered under the supervision of a qualified physician experienced in the use of cancer chemotherapeutic agents. Appropriate management of therapy and complications is possible only when adequate treatment facilities are readily available.

Bone marrow suppression is dose related and may be severe, resulting in infection and/or bleeding. Anemia may be cumulative and may require transfusion support. Vomiting is another frequent drug related side effect.

Anaphylactic-like reactions to carboplatin, USP have been reported and may occur within minutes of carboplatin injection administration. Epinephrine, corticosteroids, and antihistamines have been employed to alleviate symptoms.

DRUG DESCRIPTION

Carboplatin injection is supplied as a sterile, pyrogen-free, 10 mg/mL aqueous solution of carboplatin, USP. Each mL contains 10 mg carboplatin, USP, 10 mg mannitol and water for injection, USP. Carboplatin, USP is a platinum coordination compound. The chemical name for carboplatin, USP is platinum, diammine [1,1-cyclobutane-dicarboxylato (2-)-0,0']-, (SP-4-2), and carboplatin, USP has the following structural formula:

CARBOPLATIN (carboplatin)  Structural Formula Illustration

C6H12N2O4Pt       M.W. 371.25

Carboplatin, USP is a crystalline powder. It is soluble in water at a rate of approximately 14 mg/mL, and the pH of a 1% solution is 5-7. It is virtually insoluble in ethanol, acetone, and dimethylacetamide.

Last reviewed on RxList: 3/1/2017
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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