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Ceftin

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Ceftin

Ceftin

SIDE EFFECTS

CEFTIN (cefuroxime axetil) TABLETS IN CLINICAL TRIALS

Multiple-Dose Dosing Regimens

7 to 10 Days Dosing

Using multiple doses of cefuroxime axetil tablets, 912 patients were treated with cefuroxime axetil (125 to 500 mg twice daily). There were no deaths or permanent disabilities thought related to drug toxicity. Twenty (2.2%) patients discontinued medication due to adverse events thought by the investigators to be possibly, probably, or almost certainly related to drug toxicity. Seventeen (85%) of the 20 patients who discontinued therapy did so because of gastrointestinal disturbances, including diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. The percentage of cefuroxime axetil tablet-treated patients who discontinued study drug because of adverse events was very similar at daily doses of 1,000, 500, and 250 mg (2.3%, 2.1%, and 2.2%, respectively). However, the incidence of gastrointestinal adverse events increased with the higher recommended doses.

The following adverse events were thought by the investigators to be possibly, probably, or almost certainly related to cefuroxime axetil tablets in multiple-dose clinical trials (n = 912 cefuroxime axetil-treated patients).

Table 4. Adverse Reactions-CEFTIN (cefuroxime axetil) Tablets
Multiple-Dose Dosing Regimens-Clinical Trials

Incidence ≥ 1% Diarrhea/loose stools 3.7%
Nausea/vomiting 3.0%
Transient elevation in AST 2.0%
Transient elevation in ALT 1.6%
Eosinophilia 1.1%
Transient elevation in LDH 1.0%
Incidence
< 1% but > 0.1%
Abdominal pain
Abdominal cramps
Flatulence
Indigestion
Headache
Vaginitis
Vulvar itch
Rash
Hives
Itch
Dysuria
Chills
Chest pain
Shortness of breath
Mouth ulcers
Swollen tongue
Sleepiness
Thirst
Anorexia
Positive Coombs test

5-Day Experience (see CLINICAL STUDIES section)

In clinical trials using CEFTIN (cefuroxime axetil) in a dose of 250 mg twice daily in the treatment of secondary bacterial infections of acute bronchitis, 399 patients were treated for 5 days and 402 patients were treated for 10 days. No difference in the occurrence of adverse events was found between the 2 regimens.

In Clinical Trials for Early Lyme Disease With 20 Days Dosing

Two multicenter trials assessed cefuroxime axetil tablets 500 mg twice a day for 20 days. The most common drug-related adverse experiences were diarrhea (10.6% of patients), Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction (5.6%), and vaginitis (5.4%). Other adverse experiences occurred with frequencies comparable to those reported with 7 to 10 days dosing.

Single-Dose Regimen for Uncomplicated Gonorrhea

In clinical trials using a single dose of cefuroxime axetil tablets, 1,061 patients were treated with the recommended dosage of cefuroxime axetil (1,000 mg) for the treatment of uncomplicated gonorrhea. There were no deaths or permanent disabilities thought related to drug toxicity in these studies.

The following adverse events were thought by the investigators to be possibly, probably, or almost certainly related to cefuroxime axetil in 1,000-mg single-dose clinical trials of cefuroxime axetil tablets in the treatment of uncomplicated gonorrhea conducted in the United States.

Table 5. Adverse Reactions-CEFTIN (cefuroxime axetil) Tablets
1-g Single-Dose Regimen for Uncomplicated Gonorrhea-Clinical Trials

Incidence ≥ 1% Nausea/vomiting 6.8%
Diarrhea 4.2%
Incidence
< 1% but > 0.1%
Abdominal pain
Dyspepsia
Erythema
Rash
Pruritus
Vaginal candidiasis
Vaginal itch
Vaginal discharge
Headache
Dizziness
Somnolence
Muscle cramps
Muscle stiffness
Muscle spasm of
Tightness/pain in
Bleeding/pain in
Kidney pain
Tachycardia
Lockjaw-type

Ceftin (cefuroxime axetil) For Oral Suspension In Clinical Trials

In clinical trials using multiple doses of cefuroxime axetil powder for oral suspension, pediatric patients (96.7% of whom were younger than 12 years of age) were treated with the recommended dosages of cefuroxime axetil (20 to 30 mg/kg/day divided twice a day up to a maximum dose of 500 or 1,000 mg/day, respectively). There were no deaths or permanent disabilities in any of the patients in these studies. Eleven US patients (1.2%) discontinued medication due to adverse events thought by the investigators to be possibly, probably, or almost certainly related to drug toxicity. The discontinuations were primarily for gastrointestinal disturbances, usually diarrhea or vomiting. During clinical trials, discontinuation of therapy due to the taste and/or problems with administering this drug occurred in 13 (1.4%) pediatric patients enrolled at centers in the United States.

The following adverse events were thought by the investigators to be possibly, probably, or almost certainly related to cefuroxime axetil for oral suspension in multiple-dose clinical trials (n = 931 cefuroxime axetil-treated US patients).

Table 6. Adverse Reactions-CEFTIN (cefuroxime axetil) for Oral Suspension
Multiple-Dose Dosing Regimens-Clinical Trials

Incidence ≥ 1% Diarrhea/loose stools8.6%
Dislike of taste 5.0%
Diaper rash 3.4%
Nausea/vomiting 2.6%
Incidence
< 1% but > 0.1%
Abdominal pain
Flatulence
Gastrointestinal
Candidiasis
Vaginal irritation
Rash
Hyperactivity
Irritable behavior
Eosinophilia
Positive direct Coombs
Elevated liver
Viral illness
Upper respiratory
Sinusitis
Cough
Urinary tract
Joint swelling
Arthralgia
Fever
Ptyalism

Postmarketing Experience With Ceftin (cefuroxime axetil) Products

In addition to adverse events reported during clinical trials, the following events have been identified during clinical practice in patients treated with CEFTIN (cefuroxime axetil) Tablets or with CEFTIN (cefuroxime axetil) for Oral Suspension and were reported spontaneously. Data are generally insufficient to allow an estimate of incidence or to establish causation.

General

The following hypersensitivity reactions have been reported: anaphylaxis, angioedema, pruritus, rash, serum sickness-like reaction, urticaria.

Gastrointestinal

Pseudomembranous colitis (see WARNINGS).

Hematologic

Hemolytic anemia, leukopenia, pancytopenia, thrombocytopenia, and increased prothrombin time.

Hepatic

Hepatic impairment including hepatitis and cholestasis, jaundice.

Neurologic

Seizure.

Skin

Erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis.

Urologic

Renal dysfunction.

Cephalosporin-Class Adverse Reactions

In addition to the adverse reactions listed above that have been observed in patients treated with cefuroxime axetil, the following adverse reactions and altered laboratory tests have been reported for cephalosporin-class antibiotics: toxic nephropathy, aplastic anemia, hemorrhage, increased BUN, increased creatinine, false-positive test for urinary glucose, increased alkaline phosphatase, neutropenia, elevated bilirubin, and agranulocytosis.

Several cephalosporins have been implicated in triggering seizures, particularly in patients with renal impairment when the dosage was not reduced (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and OVERDOSAGE). If seizures associated with drug therapy occur, the drug should be discontinued. Anticonvulsant therapy can be given if clinically indicated.

Read the Ceftin (cefuroxime axetil) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Drug/Drug Interactions

Concomitant administration of probenecid with cefuroxime axetil tablets increases the area under the serum concentration versus time curve by 50%. The peak serum cefuroxime concentration after a 1.5-g single dose is greater when taken with 1 g of probenecid (mean = 14.8 mcg/mL) than without probenecid (mean = 12.2 mcg/mL).

Drugs that reduce gastric acidity may result in a lower bioavailability of CEFTIN (cefuroxime axetil) compared with that of fasting state and tend to cancel the effect of postprandial absorption.

In common with other antibiotics, cefuroxime axetil may affect the gut flora, leading to lower estrogen reabsorption and reduced efficacy of combined oral estrogen/progesterone contraceptives.

Read the Ceftin Drug Interactions Center for a complete guide to possible interactions

Last reviewed on RxList: 10/4/2010
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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