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Cefuroxime

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Cefuroxime

Cefuroxime (cefuroxime (cefuroxime injection) injection)
for Injection USP and Dextrose Injection USP

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Cefuroxime (cefuroxime (cefuroxime injection) injection) for Injection USP and Dextrose Injection USP and other antibacterial drugs, Cefuroxime (cefuroxime (cefuroxime injection) injection) for Injection USP and Dextrose Injection USP should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria.

DRUG DESCRIPTION

Cefuroxime (cefuroxime (cefuroxime injection) injection) for Injection USP and Dextrose Injection USP is a sterile, nonpyrogenic, single use, packaged combination of Cefuroxime Sodium USP (crystalline) and Dextrose Injection USP (diluent) in the DUPLEX sterile container. The DUPLEX Container is a flexible dual chamber container.

The drug chamber is filled with sterile crystalline Cefuroxime (cefuroxime (cefuroxime injection) injection) for Injection USP, a semisynthetic, broad-spectrum, cephalosporin antibiotic for parenteral administration. It is the sodium salt of (6R,7R)-7-[2-(2-furyl)glyoxylamido]-3-(hydroxymethyl)-8-oxo-5-thia-1-azabicyclo[4.2.0]oct-2-ene-2-carboxylate, 72-(Z)-(O-methyloxime), carbamate (ester).

Cefuroxime (cefuroxime (cefuroxime injection) injection) Sodium USP has the following structural formula:

Cefuroxime Sodium Structural Formula Illustration

The empirical formula is C16H15N4NaO8S, representing a molecular weight of 446.4.

Cefuroxime (cefuroxime (cefuroxime injection) injection) contains approximately 54.2 mg (2.4 mEq) of sodium per gram of cefuroxime (cefuroxime (cefuroxime injection) injection) activity.

The diluent chamber contains Dextrose Injection USP. The concentration of Hydrous Dextrose USP has been adjusted to render the reconstituted drug product iso-osmotic. Dextrose Injection USP is sterile, nonpyrogenic, and contains no bacteriostatic or antimicrobial agents.

Hydrous Dextrose USP has the following structural (molecular) formula:

Hydrous Dextrose Structural Formula Illustration

The molecular weight of Hydrous Dextrose USP is 198.17.

Dextrose hydrous USP has been added to the diluent to adjust osmolality (approximately 1.45 g and 2.05 g to 750 mg and 1.5 g dosages, respectively).

After removing the peelable foil strip, activating the seals, and thoroughly mixing, the reconstituted drug product is intended for single intravenous use. When reconstituted, the approximate osmolality of the reconstituted solution for Cefuroxime (cefuroxime (cefuroxime injection) injection) for Injection USP and Dextrose Injection USP is 290 mOsmol/kg.

The DUPLEX Container is Latex-free, PVC-free, and Di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP)-free.

The DUPLEX dual chamber container is made from a specially formulated material. The product (diluent and drug) contact layer is a mixture of thermoplastic rubber and a polypropylene ethylene copolymer that contains no plasticizers. The safety of the container system is supported by USP biological evaluation procedures.

Last reviewed on RxList: 4/10/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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