April 30, 2016
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Cervical Cancer
(Cancer of the Cervix)

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Cervical cancer facts

  • Causes and risk factors for cervical cancer include human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, having many sexual partners, smoking, taking birth control pills, and engaging in early sexual contact.
  • HPV infection may cause cervical dysplasia, or abnormal growth of cervical cells.
  • Regular pelvic exams and Pap testing can detect precancerous changes in the cervix.
  • Precancerous changes in the cervix may be treated with cryosurgery, cauterization, or laser surgery.
  • The most common symptoms and signs of cervical cancer are
  • Cervical cancer can be diagnosed using a Pap smear or other procedures that sample the cervix tissue.
  • Chest X-rays, CT scan, MRI, and a PET scan may be used to determine the stage of cervical cancer.
  • Cancer of the cervix requires different treatment than cancer that begins in other parts of the uterus.
  • Treatment options for cervical cancer include
  • Two vaccines, Gardasil and Cervarix are vaccines that are available to prevent HPV infection.
  • The prognosis of cervical cancer depends upon the stage and type of cervical cancer as well as the tumor size.
Female Illustration - Cervical Cancer
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/4/2016

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/cervical_cancer/article.htm

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