"The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Akynzeo (netupitant and palonosetron) to treat nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing cancer chemotherapy.
Akynzeo is a fixed combination capsule comprised of two drugs. Oral palonose"...
Cesamet (nabilone capsules) capsules are indicated for the treatment of the nausea and vomiting associated with cancer chemotherapy in patients who have failed to respond adequately to conventional antiemetic treatments. This restriction is required because a substantial proportion of any group of patients treated with Cesamet (nabilone capsules) can be expected to experience disturbing psychotomimetic reactions not observed with other antiemetic agents.
Because of its potential to alter the mental state, Cesamet (nabilone capsules) is intended for use under circumstances that permit close supervision of the patient by a responsible individual particularly during initial use of Cesamet and during dose adjustments.
Cesamet contains nabilone, which is controlled in Schedule II of the Controlled Substances Act. Schedule II substances have a high potential for abuse. Prescriptions for Cesamet (nabilone capsules) should be limited to the amount necessary for a single cycle of chemotherapy (i.e., a few days).
Cesamet (nabilone capsules) capsules are not intended to be used on as needed basis or as a first antiemetic product prescribed for a patient.
As with all controlled drugs, prescribers should monitor patients receiving nabilone for signs of excessive use, abuse and misuse. Patients who may be at increased risk for substance abuse include those with a personal or family history of substance abuse (including drug or alcohol abuse) or mental illness.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
The usual adult dosage is 1 or 2 mg b.i.d. On the day of chemotherapy, the initial dose should be given 1 to 3 hours before the chemotherapeutic agent is administered. To minimize side effects, it is recommended that the lower starting dose be used and that the dose be increased as necessary. A dose of 1 or 2 mg the night before may be useful. The maximum recommended daily dose is 6 mg given in divided doses t.i.d.
Cesamet (nabilone capsules) may be administered 2 or 3 times daily during the entire course of each cycle of chemotherapy and, if needed, for 48 hours after the last dose of each cycle of chemotherapy.
Cesamet™ (nabilone capsules) capsules (purple and white): 1 mg (bottles of 20 capsules) NDC 0187-0247-01. Capsules will be imprinted with Valeant on the white body and a four-digit code (0247) on the purple cap. Store at controlled room temperature, 25ºC (77ºF); excursions permitted to 15-30ºC (59-86ºF) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].
Revised July 2006. Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, 3300 Hyland Avenue, Costa Mesa, CA 92626, USA. (877) 361-2719.
Last reviewed on RxList: 2/26/2009
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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