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Chloramphenicol Sodium Succinate

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Chloramphenicol Sodium Succinate

Chloramphenicol Sodium Succinate
(chloramphenicol sodium succinate (chloramphenicol sodium succinate (chloramphenicol sodium succinate (chloramphenicol sodium succinate injection) injection) injection) ) Injection

WARNING

Serious and fatal blood dyscrasias (aplastic anemia, hypoplastic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and granulocytopenia) are known to occur after the administration of chloramphenicol. In addition, there have been reports of aplastic anemia attributed to chloramphenicol which later terminated in leukemia. Blood dyscrasias have occurred after both short-term and prolonged therapy with this drug. Chloramphenicol must not be used when less potentially dangerous agents will be effective, as described in the INDICATIONS AND USAGE section. It must not be used in the treatment of trivial infections or where it is not indicated, as in colds, influenza, infections of the throat; or as a prophylactic agent to prevent bacterial infections.

Precautions: It is essential that adequate blood studies be made during treatment with the drug. While blood studies may detect early peripheral blood changes, such as leukopenia, reticulocytopenia, or granulocytopenia, before they become irreversible, such studies cannot be relied on to detect bone marrow depression prior to development of aplastic anemia. To facilitate appropriate studies and observation during therapy, it is desirable that patients be hospitalized.

IMPORTANT CONSIDERATIONS IN PRESCRIBING INJECTABLE CHLORAMPHENICOL SODIUM SUCCINATE. CHLORAMPHENICOL SODIUM SUCCINATE (chloramphenicol sodium succinate (chloramphenicol sodium succinate (chloramphenicol sodium succinate injection) injection) injection) IS INTENDED FOR INTRAVENOUS USE ONLY. IT HAS BEEN DEMONSTRATED TO BE INEFFECTIVE WHEN GIVEN INTRAMUSCULARLY.

  1. Chloramphenicol sodium succinate (chloramphenicol sodium succinate (chloramphenicol sodium succinate (chloramphenicol sodium succinate injection) injection) injection) must be hydrolyzed to its microbiologically active form, and there is a lag in achieving adequate blood levels compared with the base given intravenously.
  2. Patients started on intravenous chloramphenicol sodium succinate (chloramphenicol sodium succinate (chloramphenicol sodium succinate (chloramphenicol sodium succinate injection) injection) injection) should be changed to the oral form of another appropriate antibiotic as soon as practicable.

DRUG DESCRIPTION

Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic that is clinically useful for, and should be reserved for, serious infections caused by organisms susceptible to its antimicrobial effects when less potentially hazardous therapeutic agents are ineffective or contraindicated. Sensitivity testing is essential to determine its indicated use, but may be performed concurrently with therapy initiated on clinical impression that one of the indicated conditions exists (see INDICATIONS AND USAGE section).

When reconstituted as directed, each vial contains a sterile solution equivalent to 100 mg of chloramphenicol per mL (1g/10mL).

Each gram (10 mL of a 10% solution) of chloramphenicol sodium succinate (chloramphenicol sodium succinate (chloramphenicol sodium succinate (chloramphenicol sodium succinate injection) injection) injection) contains approximately 52 mg (2.25 mEq) of sodium.

The chemical name for chloramphenicol sodium succinate (chloramphenicol sodium succinate (chloramphenicol sodium succinate (chloramphenicol sodium succinate injection) injection) injection) is D-threo-(-)-2, 2-Dichloro-N-[β- hydroxy-α-(hydroxymethyl)-p-nitrophenethyl] acetamide α-(sodium succinate).

The empirical and structural formulas are:

Chloramphenicol Sodium Succinate Structural Formula Illustration

Last reviewed on RxList: 8/12/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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