February 10, 2016


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What other names is Choline known by?

Bitartre de Choline, Chlorure de Choline, Choline Bitartrate, Choline Chloride, Choline Citrate, Citrate de Choline, Colina, Facteur Lipotropique, Hydroxyde de Triméthylammonium (bêta-hydroxyéthyl), Intrachol, L-Choline, Lipotropic Factor, Methylated Phosphatidylethanolamine, Trimethylethanolamine, Triméthyléthanolamine, (beta-hydroxyethyl) Trimethylammonium hydroxide.

What is Choline?

Choline is similar to the B vitamins. It can be made in the liver. It is also found in foods such as liver, muscle meats, fish, nuts, beans, peas, spinach, wheat germ, and eggs.

Likely Effective for...

  • Liver disease caused by exclusive feeding by vein (parenteral nutrition).

Possibly Effective for...

  • Asthma.
  • Preventing neural tube defects, when taken by a mother around the time of conception.

Possibly Ineffective for...

  • A brain condition called cerebellar ataxia.
  • Alzheimer's disease.
  • Delaying fatigue in endurance sports.

Likely Ineffective for...

  • Memory loss due to age.
  • Schizophrenia.

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

  • Hepatitis and other liver disorders, depression, high cholesterol, seizures, Huntington's chorea, and Tourette's syndrome.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).

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