"Oct. 24, 2012 -- Women who take hormones within five years of menopause may have a slightly lower risk of Alzheimer's disease compared to women who don't ever take them, a new study shows.
The study, which is published in the journal"...
In women with an intact uterus, Climara Pro (estradiol, levonorgestrel transdermal) is indicated in the:
- Treatment of moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause.
- Prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis. When prescribing solely for the prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis, therapy should only be considered for women at significant risk of osteoporosis and non-estrogen medications should be carefully considered.
The mainstays for decreasing the risk of postmenopausal osteoporosis are weight bearing exercise, adequate calcium and vitamin D intake, and when indicated, pharmacologic therapy. Postmenopausal women require an average of 1500 mg/day of elemental calcium. Therefore, when not contraindicated, calcium supplementation may be helpful for women with suboptimal dietary intake. Vitamin D supplementation of 400-800 IU/day may also be required to ensure adequate daily intake in postmenopausal women.
Risk factors for osteoporosis include low bone mineral density low estrogen levels, family history of osteoporosis, previous fracture, small frame (low BMI), light skin color, smoking, and alcohol intake. Response to therapy can be predicted by pre-treatment serum estradiol, and can be assessed during treatment by measuring biochemical markers of bone formation/resorption, and/or bone mineral density.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
When estrogen is prescribed for a postmenopausal woman with a uterus, a progestin should also be initiated to reduce the risk of endometrial cancer. A woman without a uterus does not need progestin. Use of estrogen, alone or in combination with a progestin, should be with the lowest effective dose and for the shortest duration consistent with treatment goals and risks for the individual woman. Patients should be re-evaluated periodically as clinically appropriate (e.g., 3-month to 6-month intervals) to determine if treatment is still necessary. (see BOXED WARNINGS and WARNINGS.) For women who have auterus, adequate diagnostic measures, such as endometrial sampling, when indicated, should be undertaken to rule out malignancy in cases of undiag-nosed persistent or recurring abnormal vaginal bleeding.
One Climara Pro (estradiol, levonorgestrel transdermal) transdermal system is available for use. Climara Pro (estradiol, levonorgestrel transdermal) delivers 0.045 mg of estradiol per day and 0.015 mg of levonorgestrel per day. The lowest effective dose of Climara Pro (estradiol, levonorgestrel transdermal) has not been determined.
Initiation of Therapy
Women not currently using continuous estrogen or combination estrogen/progestin therapy may start therapy with Climara Pro (estradiol, levonorgestrel transdermal) at any time. However, women currently using continuous estrogen or combination estrogen/progestin therapy should complete the current cycle of therapy, before initiating Climara Pro (estradiol, levonorgestrel transdermal) therapy. Women often experience withdrawal bleeding at the completion of the cycle. The first day of this bleeding would be an appropriate time to begin Climara Pro (estradiol, levonorgestrel transdermal) therapy.
A Climara Pro (estradiol, levonorgestrel transdermal) 0.045 mg / 0.015 mg (22 sq cm) matrix transdermal system is worn continuously on the lower abdomen. A new system should be applied weekly during a 28-day cycle.
Application of the System: Site Selection: Climara Pro (estradiol, levonorgestrel transdermal) should be placed on a smooth (fold free), clean, dry area of the skin on the lower abdomen. Climara Pro (estradiol, levonorgestrel transdermal) should not be applied to or near the breasts. The area selected should not be oily (which can impair adherence of the system), damaged, or irritated. The waistline should be avoided, since tight clothing may rub the system off or modify drug delivery. The sites of application must be rotated, with an interval of at least one week allowed between applications to the same site.
Application of the system: After opening the pouch, remove one side of the protective liner, taking care not to touch the adhesive part of the transdermal delivery system with the fingers. Immediately apply the transdermal delivery system to a smooth (fold free) area of skin on the lower abdomen. Remove the second side of the protective liner and press the system firmly in place with the hand for at least 10 seconds, making sure there is good contact, especially around the edges.
Care should be taken that the system does not become dislodged during bathing and other activities. If a system should fall off, the same system may be reapplied to another area of the lower abdomen. If necessary, a new transdermal system may be applied, in which case, the original treatment schedule should be continued. Only one system should be worn at any one time during one week dosing interval.
Once in place, the transdermal system should not be exposed to the sun for prolonged periods of time.
Removal of the System: Removal of the system should be done carefully and slowly to avoid irritation of the skin. Should any adhesive remain on the skin after removal of the system, allow the area to dry for 15 minutes. Then gently rubbing the area with an oil-based cream or lotion should remove the adhesive residue.
Used patches still contain some active hormones. Each patch should be carefully folded in half so that it sticks to itself before throwing it away.
Climara Pro (Estradiol/Levonorgestrel Transdermal System) 0.045 mg/day estradiol and 0.015 mg/day levonorgestrel – each 22 cm2 system contains 4.4 mg of estradiol and 1.39 mg of levonorgestrel.
Individual Carton of 4 systems...................NDC 50419-491-04
Store at 20-25°C (68-77°F); excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F) [See USP controlled Room Temperature].
Do not store unpouched.
Manufactured by: 3M Drug Delivery Systems, Northridge, CA 91324. Manufactured for: Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals Inc. Wayne NJ 07470.
Last reviewed on RxList: 2/19/2009
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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