Slideshows Images Quizzes
font size

(Tailbone Pain)

Medical Author:
Medical Editor:

Coccydynia facts

  • Coccydynia is inflammation localized to the tailbone.
  • There are many mimics of coccydynia.
  • Symptoms and signs of coccydynia include focal pain and tenderness at the tailbone. The pain is usually dull and achy.
  • Injury is the major risk factor for coccydynia.
  • Coccydynia is diagnosed based on the history and physical examination.
  • Conservative measures usually resolve coccydynia.

What is coccydynia?

Inflammation of the tailbone (coccyx or bony area located deep between the buttocks above the anus) is referred to as coccydynia. Coccydynia is associated with pain and tenderness at the tip of the tailbone between the buttocks. The pain is often worsened by sitting.

What causes coccydynia?

Coccydynia is often caused by an injury, but it may occur seemingly spontaneously. There are many causes of tailbone pain that can mimic coccydynia, including sciatica, infection (including shingles of the buttocks), pilonidal cysts, sacroiliitis, and fractured bone (broken tailbone or tailbone fracture).

What are risk factors for coccydynia?

The major risk factor for coccydynia is injury to the coccyx or pelvic bones.

What are coccydynia symptoms and signs?

Pain and local tenderness at the tailbone are the major symptoms of coccydynia. This can lead to difficulty sitting or leaning against the buttocks. Along with the pain with sitting, there is typically exquisite tenderness at the tailbone area.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/22/2016


Chronic Pain/Back Pain

Find tips and advances in treatment.

Use Pill Finder Find it Now See Interactions

Pill Identifier on RxList

  • quick, easy,
    pill identification

Find a Local Pharmacy

  • including 24 hour, pharmacies

Interaction Checker

  • Check potential drug interactions
Search the Medical Dictionary for Health Definitions & Medical Abbreviations

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors