November 24, 2015

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Inflammatory bowel disease

Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are the two types of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that give rise to colitis.

Ulcerative colitis always begins in the rectum may spread to the rest of the rest of the colon, moving from the rectum to the sigmoid, descending, transverse, and finally ascending colon. It is consisdered an autoimmune disease and symptoms include abdominal pain, and bloody, diarrheal bowel movements.

Crohn's disease may occur anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract (GI), including the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and colon. In Crohn's disease there may be "skip lesions," that is, abnormal segments of the GI tract interspersed with normal segments. Continue Reading

Reviewed on 2/4/2015