Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Overview (cont.)
Benjamin Wedro, MD, FACEP, FAAEM
Dr. Ben Wedro practices emergency medicine at Gundersen Clinic, a regional trauma center in La Crosse, Wisconsin. His background includes undergraduate and medical studies at the University of Alberta, a Family Practice internship at Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario and residency training in Emergency Medicine at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center.
Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.
In this Article
- What is congestive heart failure (CHF)?
- What causes congestive heart failure?
- What are the signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure?
- What are the risk factors for congestive heart failure?
- How is congestive heart failure diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for congestive heart failure?
- What is the prognosis for congestive heart failure?
- Can congestive heart failure be prevented?
- Find a local Cardiologist in your town
What is the prognosis for congestive heart failure?
Patients may live long and fruitful lives with controlled and stable congestive heart failure. However, when heart failure decompensates and the patient required hospitalization, there is a significant mortality risk of more than 20% at 1 year. Patients with NYHA stage IV failure have a mortality rate of up to 50%.
Can congestive heart failure be prevented?
Congestive heart failure is the result of an underlying illness, often atherosclerotic heart disease. Controlling those risk factors may help with congestive heart failure prevention. These include lifelong control of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes and smoking cessation. High blood pressure and diabetes are independent risks for congestive heart failure. Alcohol and drug abuse may be a cause of heart failure.
Roger, Veronique L., et al. on behalf of the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. "Heart disease and stroke statistics -- 2011 update: a report from the American Heart Association." Circulation 123.4 (2011): e18-e209.
Ho, K. K., et al. "The epidemiology of heart failure: the Framingham Study." Journal of the American College of Cardiology 22.4 Suppl A (1993): 6A-13A.
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